Advertisement

Rains of solitons in a figure-of-eight passively mode-locked fiber laser

  • 711 Accesses

  • 30 Citations

Abstract

We report experimental observation of rains of solitons in figure-of-eight fiber laser passively mode-locked through nonlinear optical loop mirror. Soliton pulses are created from an extended noisy background and drift until they reach a condensed phase comprising several tens of aggregated solitons. The observation of this dynamics tends to strengthen the idea of the universality of the collective behavior of solitons.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers. Nat. Photonics 6, 84–92 (2012)

  2. 2.

    W.H. Renninger, A. Chong, F.W. Wise, Dissipative solitons in normal dispersion fiber lasers. Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814 (2008)

  3. 3.

    H. Zhang, D.Y. Tang, R.J. Knize, L.M. Zhao, Q.L. Bao, K.P. Loh, Graphene mode-locked, wavelength tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser. Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010)

  4. 4.

    F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, F. Sanchez, Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter. Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010)

  5. 5.

    A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, F. Sanchez, Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. Phys. Rev. A 78, 043806 (2008)

  6. 6.

    D.Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L.M. Zhao, H.Y. Tam, Soliton interaction in a fiber laser. Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005)

  7. 7.

    K. Tamura, H.A. Haus, E.P. Ippen, Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser. Electron. Lett. 28, 2226–2228 (1992)

  8. 8.

    M. Hofer, M.H. Ober, F. Haberl, M.E. Fermann, Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720–728 (1992)

  9. 9.

    V.J. Matsas, T.P. Newson, D.J. Richardson, D.N. Payne, Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation. Electron. Lett. 28, 1391–1392 (1992)

  10. 10.

    A. Komarov, K. Komarov, D. Meshcheriakov, F. Amrani, F. Sanchez, Polarization dynamics in nonlinear anisotropic fibers. Phys. Rev. A 82, 013813 (2010)

  11. 11.

    I.N. Duling III, Subpicosecond all-fibre erbium laser. Electron. Lett. 27, 544–545 (1991)

  12. 12.

    D.J. Richardson, R.I. Laming, D.N. Payne, M.W. Phillips, V.J. Matsas, 320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fibre laser. Electron. Lett. 27, 730–732 (1991)

  13. 13.

    F. Amrani, M. Salhi, Ph Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. Opt. Lett. 36, 1545–1547 (2011)

  14. 14.

    F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, Characterization of soliton compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser. Opt. Commun. 283, 5224–5230 (2010)

  15. 15.

    D.Y. Tang, W.S. Man, H.Y. Tam, P.D. Drummond, Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively modelocked fiber laser. Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001)

  16. 16.

    Ph Grelu, F. Belhache, F. Gutty, J.M. Soto-Crespo, Phase-locked soliton pairs in a stretched-pulse fiber laser. Opt. Lett. 27, 966–968 (2002)

  17. 17.

    N.N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, J.M. Soto-Crespo, Multisoliton solutions of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4047–4051 (1997)

  18. 18.

    A. Komarov, K. Komarov, F. Sanchez, Quantization of binding energy of structural solitons in passive mode-locked fiber lasers. Phys. Rev. A 79, 033807 (2009)

  19. 19.

    S. Chouli, Ph Grelu, Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study. Phys. Rev. A 81, 063829 (2010)

  20. 20.

    C. Bao, X. Xiao, C. Yang, Soliton rains in a normal dispersion fiber laser with dual-filter. Opt. Lett. 38, 1875–1877 (2013)

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank the Agence Nationale de la Recherche for supporting this work (Contract ANR-2010-BLANC-0417-01-SOLICRISTAL).

Author information

Correspondence to François Sanchez.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 150635 kb)

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 150635 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Niang, A., Amrani, F., Salhi, M. et al. Rains of solitons in a figure-of-eight passively mode-locked fiber laser. Appl. Phys. B 116, 771–775 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-014-5760-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Soliton
  • Pump Power
  • Fiber Laser
  • Polarization Controller
  • Dissipative Soliton