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Applied Physics B

, Volume 114, Issue 3, pp 319–325 | Cite as

White-light femtosecond Lidar at 100 TW power level

  • M. Petrarca
  • S. Henin
  • N. Berti
  • M. Matthews
  • J. Chagas
  • J. Kasparian
  • J.-P. WolfEmail author
  • G. Gatti
  • G. Di Pirro
  • M.-P. Anania
  • M. Ferrario
  • A. Ghigo
Rapid Communication

Abstract

We characterized the white-light supercontinuum emission by a sub-petawatt laser system in the atmosphere via light detection and ranging measurements. As much as 1 J of supercontinuum is generated in the atmosphere, corresponding to a conversion efficiency of 30 %. This generation occurs at altitudes below 100 m. The high initial beam intensity results in the saturation of the number of self-guided filaments. Therefore, the “photon bath” surrounding the filaments strongly contributes to the white-light generation. These finding is well reproduced by numerical simulations based on the experimental parameters.

Keywords

Lidar Nonlinear Refractive Index Lidar Signal Supercontinuum Generation Conical Emission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge L. Caciotti, R. Sorchetti for the technical support, as well as the airspace control agency ENAC, ENAV and the Ciampino airport services for the technical and administrative support to manage the airspace security. We acknowledge financial support from the ERC advanced grant “Filatmo.”

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Petrarca
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Henin
    • 1
  • N. Berti
    • 1
  • M. Matthews
    • 1
  • J. Chagas
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. Kasparian
    • 1
  • J.-P. Wolf
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Gatti
    • 2
  • G. Di Pirro
    • 2
  • M.-P. Anania
    • 2
  • M. Ferrario
    • 2
  • A. Ghigo
    • 2
  1. 1.GAPUniversité de GenèveGenève 4Switzerland
  2. 2.INFN-LNFFrascatiItaly
  3. 3.Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos-CPTECInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais-INPECachoeira PaulistaBrazil

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