Crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, and continuous-wave laser operation of Ho:KLu(WO4)2 crystals
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We present the crystal growth, optical spectroscopy, and room temperature continuous-wave (CW) laser operation of monoclinic Ho:KLu(WO4)2 crystals. Macro defect-free crystals of several dopant concentrations were grown by top-seeded solution growth slow-cooling method. The evolution of unit cell parameters with holmium doping level and temperature was studied using X-ray powder diffraction. The spectroscopic properties were characterized in terms of room- and low-temperature optical absorption and photoluminescence. From low-temperature optical absorption measurements, the energy of the Stark levels was determined. Calculation of the emission and gain cross sections is presented. CW laser action was realized for 3 and 5 at. % Ho-doped KLu(WO4)2 by in-band pumping using a Tm:KLu(WO4)2 pump laser. A maximum output power of 507 mW with a slope efficiency of ~38 % with respect to the incident power was achieved at 2,080 nm with the Ho:KLu(WO4)2 laser.
KeywordsUnit Cell Parameter Absorption Cross Section Output Coupler Optical Parametric Oscillator Emission Cross Section
This work was supported by the Spanish Government under projects MAT2011-29255-C02, PI09/90527, and the Catalan Authority under project 2009SGR235. This work has been partially funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme, under projects Cleanspace, FP7-SPACE-2010-1-GA-263044. The research leading to these results has also received funding from LASERLAB-EUROPE (Grant agreement No. 284464, EC’s Seventh Framework Programme).
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