Applied Physics B

, Volume 113, Issue 1, pp 107–114 | Cite as

Polarization-independent beam splitting by a photonic crystal right prism

  • Melike B. Yucel
  • Ahmet Cicek
  • Bulent Ulug


Splitting of light waves by a two-dimensional photonic crystal associated with source size and dispersion relation of photonic crystal at a wavelength of 1,550 nm without disturbing periodicity is numerically demonstrated via finite-difference time-domain simulations. Split branches in either polarization state make plus or minus 45° with the [11] direction and propagate in a self-collimated manner with equal amplitude and phase. Sixty-four percent of total transmittance is attained provided that the waves are coupled and collected through appropriate planar waveguides. Alternatively, approximately 50 % total transmittance for both polarizations can be obtained by application of an anti-reflection coating layer at the input face. Polarization-independent beam splitting occurs in a narrow range around the target wavelength, while its transverse-magnetically polarized sub-harmonic can also be split. The photonic crystal can also operate as a polarizing splitter at oblique incidence.


Photonic Crystal Beam Splitting Transverse Magnetic Transverse Electric Planar Waveguide 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and SciencesMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey

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