Optical magnetic resonance imaging with an ultra-narrow optical transition
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We demonstrate optical magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI) of a Bose–Einstein condensate of ytterbium atoms trapped in a one-dimensional (1D) optical lattice using an ultra-narrow optical transition 1S0↔3P2 (m=−2). We developed a vacuum chamber equipped with a thin glass cell, which provides high optical access and allows a compact design of magnetic coils. A line shape of a measured spectrum of the OMRI is well described by a spatial distribution of the atoms in a 1D optical lattice with the Thomas–Fermi approximation and an applied magnetic field gradient. The observed spectrum exhibits a periodic structure corresponding to the optical lattice periodicity.