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Applied Physics B

, Volume 106, Issue 3, pp 521–527 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of a large mode area liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber: transition from isolated to coupled spatial modes

  • T. GissiblEmail author
  • M. Vieweg
  • M. M. Vogel
  • M. Aboud Ahmed
  • T. Graf
  • H. Giessen
Article

Abstract

We describe in detail the manufacturing procedures for selectively closing holes in photonics crystal fibers and their infiltration with different liquids. We apply our method to create a large mode area liquid-filled photonic crystal fiber which consists of 19 liquid strands. By changing the mixing ratio between toluene and ethanol and by varying the temperature, we show continuous tuning from isolated to coupled behavior of the spatial mode profile. This demonstrates the versatility of selectively closed liquid-filled photonic crystal fibers for future photonic devices. Filling with nonlinear liquids, gases, metals, liquid crystals, low melting compound glasses, or quantum dots is possible, and spatial as well as temporal engineering of linear and nonlinear optical properties will become feasible, which should allow the observation of spatiotemporal solitons.

Keywords

Photonic Crystal Fiber Finite Element Method Simulation Exposure Process Confinement Loss Conventional Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge support from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, from BMBF, and from Baden-Württemberg Stiftung.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Gissibl
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Vieweg
    • 1
  • M. M. Vogel
    • 2
  • M. Aboud Ahmed
    • 2
  • T. Graf
    • 2
  • H. Giessen
    • 1
  1. 1.4th Physics Institute and Research Center SCoPEUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW)University of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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