Applied Physics B

, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 439–450 | Cite as

High-vacuum time-resolved laser-induced incandescence of flame-generated soot

  • J. M. Headrick
  • F. Goulay
  • P. E. Schrader
  • H. A. Michelsen
Article

Abstract

We have measured time-resolved laser-induced incandescence of flame-generated soot under high-vacuum conditions (4.1×10−6 mbar) at an excitation wavelength of 532 nm with laser fluences spanning 0.06–0.5 J/cm2. We generated soot in an ethylene/air diffusion flame, introduced it into the vacuum system with an aerodynamic lens, heated it using a pulsed laser with a spatially homogeneous and temporally smooth laser profile, and recorded LII temporal profiles at 685 nm. At low laser fluences LII signal decay rates are slow, and LII signals persist beyond the residence time of the soot particles in the detection region. At these fluences, the temporal maximum of the LII signal increases nearly linearly with increasing laser fluence until reaching a plateau at ∼0.18 J/cm2. At higher fluences, the LII signal maximum is independent of laser fluence within experimental uncertainty. At these fluences, the LII signal decays rapidly during the laser pulse. The fluence dependence of the vacuum LII signal is qualitatively similar to that observed under similar laser conditions in an atmospheric flame but requires higher fluences (by ∼0.03 J/cm2) for initiation. These data demonstrate the feasibility of recording vacuum LII temporal profiles of flame-generated soot under well-characterized conditions for model validation.

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Copyright information

© Springer (outside the USA) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Headrick
    • 1
  • F. Goulay
    • 1
  • P. E. Schrader
    • 1
  • H. A. Michelsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesLivermoreUSA

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