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Applied Physics B

, Volume 101, Issue 3, pp 511–521 | Cite as

Toward single attosecond pulses using harmonic emission from solid-density plasmas

  • P. Heissler
  • R. Hörlein
  • M. Stafe
  • J. M. Mikhailova
  • Y. Nomura
  • D. Herrmann
  • R. Tautz
  • S. G. Rykovanov
  • I. B. Földes
  • K. Varjú
  • F. Tavella
  • A. Marcinkevicius
  • F. Krausz
  • L. Veisz
  • G. D. Tsakiris
Article

Abstract

We report on investigations of high-order harmonic generation from solid surfaces in the coherent wake emission regime with relativistically intense few-cycle (8 fs) laser pulses. Significant spectral broadening compared to previous experiments with many-cycle pulses and the appearance of substructures on the harmonics are observed that strongly fluctuate from shot-to-shot. Measurements in which the linear polarization was rotated or ellipticity of the laser pulse was varied exhibit a strong dependence of the harmonic emission on the polarization state of the incident pulse. We show that the observed spectral features are ultimately connected to the sub-cycle electron dynamics in the laser-solid interaction and thus proof of the few-cycle nature of the observed harmonic emission. Using a simple model we have investigated the factors that play an important role in the shape of the emitted spectrum.

Keywords

Laser Pulse Harmonic Spectrum Attosecond Pulse Harmonic Emission Driving Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Heissler
    • 1
  • R. Hörlein
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Stafe
    • 3
  • J. M. Mikhailova
    • 1
    • 4
  • Y. Nomura
    • 1
    • 8
  • D. Herrmann
    • 1
    • 9
  • R. Tautz
    • 1
    • 10
  • S. G. Rykovanov
    • 1
    • 5
  • I. B. Földes
    • 6
  • K. Varjú
    • 7
  • F. Tavella
    • 1
    • 11
  • A. Marcinkevicius
    • 1
    • 12
  • F. Krausz
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Veisz
    • 1
  • G. D. Tsakiris
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für QuantenoptikGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät für PhysikLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenGarchingGermany
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity “Politehnica” of BucharestBucharestRomania
  4. 4.A.M. Prokhorov General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of ScienceMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Moscow Engineering Physics InstituteMoscowRussia
  6. 6.KFKI-Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear PhysicsBudapestHungary
  7. 7.Department of Optics and Quantum ElectronicsUniversity of SzegedSzegedHungary
  8. 8.Institute for Solid State PhysicsUniversity of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  9. 9.Lehrstuhl für BioMolekulare OptikLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  10. 10.Department of Physics and CeNS, Photonics and Optoelectronics GroupLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  11. 11.DESYHamburgGermany
  12. 12.IMRA America Inc.Ann ArborUSA

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