Characterization of aerosol plumes in nanosecond laser ablation of molecular solids at atmospheric pressure
Ablation of molecular solids with pulsed ultraviolet lasers at atmospheric pressure is an important process in (bio-)organic mass spectrometry. Of practical importance for analytical sampling and analysis are the plume formation and expansion. Plumes formed by atmospheric-pressure laser ablation of anthracene and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB) were studied by light scattering imaging, which showed significant material release in the form of aerosols. The monitored plume expansion dynamics could be fitted to the drag-force model, yielding initial plume velocities of 150 m/s for anthracene and 43 m/s for DHB. While the angle of incidence does not affect the plume direction and propagation, a large dependence of the plume-expansion velocity on the laser pulse energy could be found, which is limited at atmospheric pressure by the onset of plasma shielding. With respect to analytical applications, the efficiency of sampling of the laser ablation products by a capillary could be experimentally visualized.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.D. Bäuerle, Laser Processing and Chemistry, 3rd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2000) Google Scholar
- 12.R.E. Russo, X. Mao, S.S. Mao, Anal. Chem. A 74, 70 (2002) Google Scholar
- 34.H.C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, New York, 1981) Google Scholar
- 41.Y.B. Zel’dovich, Y.P. Raizer, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic Press, New York, 1966) Google Scholar