Applied Physics B

, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 93–100 | Cite as

Toward superlensing with metal–dielectric composites and multilayers

  • R. B. Nielsen
  • M. D. Thoreson
  • W. Chen
  • A. Kristensen
  • J. M. Hvam
  • V. M. Shalaev
  • A. Boltasseva
Article

Abstract

We report on the fabrication of two types of adjustable, near-field superlens designs: metal–dielectric composites and metal–dielectric multilayer films. We fabricated a variety of films with different materials, thicknesses and compositions. These samples were characterized physically and optically to determine their film composition, quality, and optical responses. Our results on metal–dielectric composites indicate that although the real part of the effective permittivity generally follows effective medium theory predictions, the imaginary part does not and substantially higher losses are observed. Going forward, it appears that multilayer metal–dielectric designs are more suitable for sub-diffraction imaging applications because they could provide both tunability and low loss.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J.B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3866 (2000) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V.G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, X. Zhang, Science 308, 534 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.O.S. Melville, R.J. Blaikie, Opt. Express 13, 2127 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Jeppesen, R.B. Nielsen, A. Boltasseva, S. Xiao, N.A. Mortensen, A. Kristensen, Opt. Express 17, 22543 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Cai, D.A. Genov, V.M. Shalaev, Phys. Rev. B 72, 193101 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.V. Kildishev, W. Cai, U.K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A.K. Sarychev, V.P. Drachev, V.M. Shalaev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 423 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Shi, L. Gao, S. He, B. Li, Phys. Rev. B 76, 045116 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Shi, L. Gao, S. He, Proc. Int. Symp. Biophot. Nanophot. Metamat. (2006), pp. 463–466 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. Jacob, L.V. Alekseyev, E. Narimanov, Opt. Express 14, 8247 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P.A. Belov, Y. Hao, Phys. Rev. B 73, 113110 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Chaturvedi, N.X. Fang, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 919, 0919-J04-07 (2006) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Wood, J.B. Pendry, D.P. Tsai, Phys. Rev. B 74, 115116 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. Shamonina, V.A. Kalinin, K.H. Ringhofer, L. Solymar, Electron. Lett. 37, 1243 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.A. Ramakrishna, J.B. Pendry, M.C.K. Wiltshire, W.J. Stewart, J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1419 (2003) ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Dorofeenko, A. Lisyansky, A. Merzlikin, A. Vinogradov, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235126 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Silveirinha, P. Belov, C. Simovski, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035108 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.P. Moore, M.D. Arnold, P.J. Bones, R.J. Blaikie, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 911 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. Moore, R.J. Blaikie, M.D. Arnold, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1182 (2009) Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P.K. Aravind, A. Nitzan, H. Metiu, Surf. Sci. 110, 189 (1981) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. Hao, G.C. Schatz, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357 (2004) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R.M. Bakker, A. Boltasseva, Z. Liu, R.H. Pedersen, S. Gresillon, A.V. Kildishev, V.P. Drachev, V.M. Shalaev, Opt. Express 15, 13682 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V.M. Shalaev, M.I. Stockman, Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 287 (1987) Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.A. Markel, L.S. Muratov, M.I. Stockman, T.F. George, Phys. Rev. B 43, 8183 (1991) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    V.M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 61 (1996) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    V.A. Podolskiy, A.K. Sarychev, E.E. Narimanov, V.M. Shalaev, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S32 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    U.K. Chettiar, A.V. Kildishev, T.A. Klar, V.M. Shalaev, Opt. Express 14, 7872 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    P. Muhlschlegel, H.J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, D.W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, F.R. Aussenegg, Opt. Commun. 220, 137 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J.N. Farahani, D.W. Pohl, H.-J. Eisler, B. Hecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017402 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Z. Liu, A. Boltasseva, R.H. Pedersen, R. Bakker, A.V. Kildishev, V.P. Drachev, V.M. Shalaev, Metamaterials 2, 45 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Z. Liu, M.D. Thoreson, A.V. Kildishev, V.M. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033114 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Kneipp, M. Moskovits, H. Kneipp, Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (Springer, Berlin, 2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    R.M. Bakker, V.P. Drachev, Z. Liu, H.-K. Yuan, R.H. Pedersen, A. Boltasseva, J. Chen, J. Irudayaraj, A.V. Kildishev, V.M. Shalaev, New J. Phys. 10, 125022 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    W.R. Tinga, W.A.G. Voss, D.F. Blossey, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 3897 (1973) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    V.M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal–Dielectric Films (Springer, Berlin, 2000) Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. Sancho-Parramon, S. Bosch, A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, Proc. SPIE 5963, 596320 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. Novak, R. Hrach, Vacuum 84, 174 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D.A.G. Bruggeman, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 24, 636 (1935) ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. Liu, K.J. Webb, Opt. Lett. 33, 2568 (2008) Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    W. Chen, M.D. Thoreson, S. Ishii, A.V. Kildishev, V.M. Shalaev, Opt. Express 18, 5124 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Nielsen
    • 1
  • M. D. Thoreson
    • 2
    • 3
  • W. Chen
    • 3
  • A. Kristensen
    • 4
  • J. M. Hvam
    • 1
  • V. M. Shalaev
    • 3
  • A. Boltasseva
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.DTU Fotonik – Department of Photonics EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT)Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology CenterPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  4. 4.DTU Nanotech – Department of Micro- and NanotechnologyTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

Personalised recommendations