CW laser-induced fluorescence of toluene for time-resolved imaging of gaseous flows
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A laser-induced fluorescence diagnostic is presented for high-speed measurements in gaseous flows. The technique employs a toluene tracer excited at 266 nm by a cavity-doubled 532 nm diode-pumped 5.5 W CW laser. The high power (600 mW) of UV light produced by cavity doubling, together with the high fluorescence yield of toluene, yields strong signal levels needed for high-speed recording. Fluctuation detection limits for tracer mole fraction were investigated by applying the diagnostic to an atmospheric temperature and pressure nitrogen jet. For single-point measurements with a photomultiplier tube, the detection limit for fluctuations in the toluene mole fraction was 0.028%, achieved with 430 mW of laser power and 8.5 kHz bandwidth for a 1×0.4×0.4 mm collection volume. Line (1-D) imaging with a kinetic-readout camera (512 pixels/row) achieved a detection limit of 0.23% with 440 mW of laser power, 9.7 kHz frame rate, and 0.3×0.2×0.4 mm collection volume per pixel, while planar (2-D) imaging with a 512×512 pixel intensified camera achieved a detection limit of 0.88% with 205 mW of laser power, 100 μs exposure time, and 0.4×0.4×0.4 mm volume per pixel. Line and planar imaging were applied to a turbulent jet with Re of about 10000.
PACS42.62.Fi 33.50.- j 42.30.Va 47.80.Jk
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- 14.D.A. Rothamer, J.B. Ghandhi, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 2002-01-0748 (2002) Google Scholar