Applied Physics B

, 93:91 | Cite as

A study of optoelectronics in photonic nanowires made from photonic crystals

Article

Abstract

We have studied optoelectronic properties of photonic nanowires doped with an ensemble of four-level nanoparticles. Nanowires are made from two photonic crystals A and B where crystal A is embedded in B. Photons are confined with the photonic nanowire due to the band structure engineering of crystals A and B. A probe field is applied to monitor the absorption spectrum, and a control field is applied to shift the position of absorption peak. It is considered that nanoparticles are interacting with bound photon states of the nanowire. It is found that the number of bound states in the wire depends on the size and the energy depth of the wire. It is also found that when the resonance energy lies near the bound state, the system goes from absorbing state to the transparent state. This is due to the strong coupling between nanoparticles and bound photons in the wire. The control field switches the system from the transparent state to the absorbing state by changing the location of the resonance energy. The present findings can be used to make new types of optoelectronic switches.

PACS

73.21.-b 78.67.Hc 71.35.Gg 42.50.Ct 

References

  1. 1.
    P.N. Prasad, Nanophotonics (Willey Interscience, New Jersey, 2004) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Nakayama, P.J. Pauzauskie, A. Radenovic, R.M. Onorato, R.J. Saykally, J. Liphardt, P. Yang, Nature 447, 1096 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, D.J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41(7) (2005) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J.I. Dadap, F. Xia, W.M.J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y.A.  Vlasov, R.M. Osgood Jr., K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 20, 398 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Lauvernier, S. Garidel, M. Zegaoui, J.P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, Electron. Lett. 42(4) (2006) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Decoster et al., Adv. Mat. Res. 31, 230 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.A. Schmidt et al., Phys. Rev. B 77, 033417 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.D. Joannopoulos et al., Photonic Crystals (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1995) MATHGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Benisty et al., Photonic Crystal (Springer, Berlin, 2005), see Chap. 1 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.-M. Lourtioz et al., Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, Berlin, 2005) MATHGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.I. Rupasov, M.R. Singh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 338 (1996) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.R. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 69, 023807 (2004) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.R. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033813 (2004) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Haque, M.R. Singh, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 156229 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.R. Singh, R. Lipson, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 015401 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. Petrosyan, G. Kurizki, Phys. Rev. A 64, 23810 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Tran, J. Opt. Soc. B 14, 2589 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. John, M. Florescu, J. Opt. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S103 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.R. Singh, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 1857 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.R. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 75, 043809 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.R. Singh, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155427 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M.R. Singh, Phys. Lett. A 363, 177 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. John, T. Quang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2484 (1996) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.R. Singh, J. Phys. C. (2008, submitted) Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Lambropoulos et al., Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 455 (2000), and references therein CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    K.B. Chung, S.H. Kim, Opt. Commun. 209, 229 (2002) ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Scalora et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. John, J. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 43, 12772 (1991) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006), Chap. 2 Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.J. Adamd, An Introduction to Optical Wave Guide (Wiley, New York, 1981) Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Ariv, P. Yeh, Photonics (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007) Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M.O. Scully, M.S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997) Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    M.R. Singh, in Recent Research Activities in Chemical Physics: From Atomic Scale to Macroscale, ed. by E. Paspalakis, A.F. Terzis (Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum, 2008), pp. 101–165, Chap. 5 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations