Applied Physics B

, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp 101–108 | Cite as

Coherent electrically excited organic semiconductors: coherent or laser emission?

Article

Abstract

Recent experimental results demonstrating coherent emission from an electrically-excited pulsed dye-doped organic semiconductor interferometric emitter, are discussed from a coherence and a laser perspective. Examination of available results indicates that there is sufficient evidence to classify the reported emission as being equivalent to broadband dye laser radiation. From a practical perspective, however, this is an interferometric organic semiconductor emitter that yields a spatially coherent beam (Δθ≈ 2.53 mrad or 1.1 times the diffraction limit) and an emission linewidth comparable with broadband dye lasers (Δλ≈ 11 nm at half width). Geometrical dimensions, and electrical excitation parameters, for a significantly smaller interferometric organic emitter are suggested.

Keywords

Output Coupler Laser Emission Organic Semiconductor Spatial Coherence Diffraction Limit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    F.J. Duarte, L.S. Liao, K.M. Vaeth, Opt. Lett. 30, 3072 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F.J. Duarte, Opt. Lett. 32, 412 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F.J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Optics (Elsevier Academic, New York, 2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.P. Schäfer, W. Schmidt, J. Volze, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 306 (1966)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B.H. Soffer, B.B. McFarland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 266 (1967)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    O.G. Peterson, B.B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 238 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    F.J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 33, 3857 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Maslyukov, S. Solokov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, S. Popov, Appl. Opt. 34, 1516 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E.B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, H.H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.G. Kozlov, P.E. Burrows, G. Parthasarity, S.R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Kranzelbinder, G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.A. Baldo, R.J. Holmes, S.R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I.D.W. Samuel, G.A. Turnbull, Chem. Rev. 107, 1272 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Wolf, W.H. Carter, Opt. Commun. 13, 205 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P.A.M. Dirac, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics (Oxford, London, 1978)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F.J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 38, 6347 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.V. Benson, in Tunable Lasers Handbook, ed. by F.J. Duarte (Academic, New York, 1995), Chapt. 9Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N.P. Barnes, in Tunable Lasers Handbook, ed. by F.J. Duarte (Academic, New York, 1995), Chapt. 7Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    F.J. Duarte, in Dye Laser Principles, ed. by F.J. Duarte, L.W. Hillman (Academic, New York, 1990), Chapt. 4Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, 1986), Chapt. 1Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T.H. Maiman, R.H. Hoskins, I. J. D’Haenens, C.K. Asawa, V. Evtuhov, Phys. Rev. 123, 1151 (1961)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    T.W. Hänsch, Appl. Opt. 11, 895 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    F.J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 40, 3038 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    F.J. Duarte, J.A. Piper, Appl. Opt. 23, 1394 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    F.J. Duarte, R.O. James, Opt. Lett. 28, 2088 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.P. Feynman, R.B. Leighton, M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1965), Vol. IIIGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    F.P. Schäfer, in Dye Lasers, ed. by F.P. Schäfer (Springer, Berlin, 1990), Chapt. 1Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    L.W. Hillman, in Dye Laser Principles, ed. by F.J. Duarte, L.W. Hillman (Academic, New York, 1990), Chapt. 2Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    L.S. Liao, K.P. Klubek, C.W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C.-C. Chang, S.W. Hwang, C.H. Chen, J.-F. Chen, Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 6418 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J.L. Fox, C.H. Chen, US Patent 4,736,032 (1988)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    F.J. Duarte, L.S. Liao, K.M. Vaeth, A.M. Miller, J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt 8, 172 (2006)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    A.A. Michelson, Studies in Optics (The University of Chicago, Chicago, 1927)MATHGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    V.G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P.E. Burrows, M. Baldo, V.B. Khalfin, G. Parthasarathy, S.R. Forrest, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 4096 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. Rose, Z.G. Zhu, C.F. Madigan, T.M. Swager, V. Bulvic, Nature 434, 876 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    F.J. Duarte, in High Power Dye Lasers, ed. by F.J. Duarte (Springer, Berlin, 1991), Chapt. 2Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    F.J. Duarte, Opt. Commun. 103, 8 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F.J. Duarte, Am. J. Phys. 66, 662 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    B.J. Thompson, E. Wolf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 895 (1957)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    K. Saxena, D.S. Mehta, R. Srivastava, M.N. Kamalasanan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061124 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J.A. Dharmadhikari, A.K. Dharmadhikari, G.R. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 30, 765 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    G.M. Shimkaveg, M.R. Carter, R.S. Walling, J.M. Ticehurst, J.A. Koch, S. Mrowka, J.E. Trebes, B.J. MacGowan, L.B. Da Silva, D.L. Mathews, R.A. London, R.E. Stewart, in Procs. Int. Conf. on Lasers’ 91, ed. by F.J. Duarte, D.G. Harris (STS, McLean, VA, 1002), pp. 84–92Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    J.E. Trebes, K.A. Nugent, S. Mrowka, R.A. London, T.W. Barbee, M.R. Carter, J.A. Koch, B.J. MacGowan, D.L. Matthews, L.B. Da Silva, G.F. Stone, M.D. Feit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 588 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    T. Ditmire, E.T. Gumbrell, R.A. Smith, J.W.G. Tisch, D.D. Meyerhofer, M.H.R. Hutchison, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4756 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    A. Lucianetti, K.A. Janulewicz, R. Kroemer, G. Priebe, J. Tümmler, W. Sandner, P.V. Nickless, V.I. Redkorechev, Opt. Lett. 29, 881 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interferometric OpticsRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations