Applied Physics B

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 75–78 | Cite as

Electric field periodical poling of lithium niobate crystals after soft-proton-exchanged waveguide fabrication

  • O. Caballero-Calero
  • M. Kösters
  • T. Woike
  • K. Buse
  • A. García-cabañes
  • M. Carrascosa


We report on the periodic polarization of α-phase proton- exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides down to 5 μm period lengths using structured electrodes and electrical fields. Unlike a majority of previous work, room-temperature electric field poling has been carried out after waveguide fabrication. Chemical etching of the large guiding surface has revealed homogeneous and high-quality domains with duty cycles close to 0.5. Moreover, it was verified by diffraction techniques and etching that the domain structure is preserved more than 2 μm along the thickness of the waveguide. The excellent optical performances of single-domain α-phase waveguides were not affected by the periodic poling.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Caballero-Calero
    • 1
  • M. Kösters
    • 2
  • T. Woike
    • 2
  • K. Buse
    • 2
  • A. García-cabañes
    • 1
  • M. Carrascosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Dpto. de MaterialesUniversidad Autónoma MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität BonnBonnGermany

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