Applied Physics B

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 65–69

Optics design and fabrication of 3D electrically switchable hexagonal photonic crystal



We demonstrate a holographic approach for easy and large-area fabrication of 3D photonic crystal (PhC) microstructures in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) by applying a single top-cut hexagonal prism and a seven-beam interference system. Based on the expected photonic band gap of the photonic crystal, the prism parameters are designed and optimized. For example, a prism with a height h=3.73 cm and a cross angle α=66° between the side face and the base is used to fabricate 3D PhC hexagonal symmetrical structures in PDLCs. A good agreement is obtained between the theoretical calculation of the interference intensity and morphological structures. On the other hand, far-field diffraction patterns and electrical switching characteristics are also investigated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • X.H. Sun
    • 1
  • X.M. Tao
    • 1
  • T.J. Ye
    • 1
  • P. Xue
    • 1
  • Y.-S. Szeto
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanotechnology Centre for Functional and Intelligent Textiles and Clothing, Institute of Textiles and ClothingThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongP.R. China

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