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Applied Physics B

, Volume 84, Issue 1–2, pp 75–82 | Cite as

Birefringence study of photonic crystal fibers by using the full-vectorial finite element method

  • B.M.A. RahmanEmail author
  • A.K.M.S. Kabir
  • M. Rajarajan
  • K.T.V. Grattan
  • V. Rakocevic
Article

Abstract

Modal solutions of photonic crystal fibers with equal and unequal circular air holes in a hexagonal matrix are presented, by using a rigorous full-vectorial finite element-based approach. The effective indices, mode field profiles, spot-sizes, modal hybridness, modal birefringence and group velocity dispersion values have been determined and presented. The effects of the pitch-distance, hole diameter, structural asymmetry, air hole arrangement and the operating wavelength on the modal birefringence are also reported. It is shown that a significant value of birefringence can be achieved by using only circular air holes, which would be easy to fabricate, and by operating it close to its modal cutoff.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • B.M.A. Rahman
    • 1
    Email author
  • A.K.M.S. Kabir
    • 1
  • M. Rajarajan
    • 1
  • K.T.V. Grattan
    • 1
  • V. Rakocevic
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Mathematical SciencesCity UniversityLondonUK

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