Applied Physics B

, Volume 82, Issue 4, pp 599–605 | Cite as

Neodymium concentration dependence of 0.94-, 1.06- and 1.34-μm laser emission and of heating effects under 809- and 885-nm diode laser pumping of Nd:YAG



Laser emission in the 0.94-, 1.06- and 1.34-micron ranges in diluted and concentrated Nd:YAG crystals longitudinally pumped by a 885-nm diode laser on the 4I9/24F3/2 transition is investigated. Continuous-wave operation at watt level in all these wavelength ranges is demonstrated with a 1.0-at. % Nd:YAG crystal; however, the laser performance is impeded by the low pump absorption efficiency. Improved output power and overall efficiency were obtained with a highly doped 2.5-at. % Nd:YAG crystal: 5.5 W at 1.06 μm and 3.8 W at 1.34 μm with 0.38 and 0.26 efficiencies, respectively. Comparative results with traditional pumping at 809 nm into the highly absorbing 4F5/2 level are presented, showing the advantage of the direct 4F3/2 pumping. The influence of the lasing wavelength and of the Nd concentration on the thermal effects induced by the optical pumping in the laser material is discussed. A clear relation between the heat generated in the Nd:YAG crystals in lasing and non-lasing regimes, a function of the Nd doping, is demonstrated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Pavel
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. Lupei
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Saikawa
    • 1
  • T. Taira
    • 1
  • H. Kan
    • 3
  1. 1.Laser Research CenterNational Institutes of Natural Sciences, Institute for Molecular ScienceOkazakiJapan
  2. 2.Solid-State Quantum Electronics LaboratoryNational Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation PhysicsBucharestRomania
  3. 3.Central Research LaboratoryHamamatsu Photonics, K.K.ShizuokaJapan

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