Applied Physics B

, Volume 81, Issue 2–3, pp 325–331

Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry

  • T. Nasilowski
  • T. Martynkien
  • G. Statkiewicz
  • M. Szpulak
  • J. Olszewski
  • G. Golojuch
  • W. Urbanczyk
  • J. Wojcik
  • P. Mergo
  • M. Makara
  • F. Berghmans
  • H. Thienpont
Article

Abstract

We investigated a particular design of a highly birefringent PCF with attractive features for pressure sensing applications. A plane-wave method together with the finite element method were used to numerically calculate phase and group modal birefringence, pressure and temperature sensitivities of our fiber. The simulation results together with the experiments demonstrate a considerable difference between a very high phase birefringence (B ∼ 10−3) and a very low negative group birefringence (G −10−3). Our fiber exhibits a low and positive temperature sensitivity (KT < 0.1 rad/(K⋅m)), and relatively high and negative mechanical (pressure) sensitivity (Kp ≤ −10 rad/(MPa⋅m)), which supports its possible use as a mechanical sensor that does not require any temperature compensation.

PACS

42.81.Gs 42.81.Pa 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Nasilowski
    • 1
  • T. Martynkien
    • 2
  • G. Statkiewicz
    • 2
  • M. Szpulak
    • 2
  • J. Olszewski
    • 2
  • G. Golojuch
    • 2
  • W. Urbanczyk
    • 2
  • J. Wojcik
    • 3
  • P. Mergo
    • 3
  • M. Makara
    • 3
  • F. Berghmans
    • 1
    • 4
  • H. Thienpont
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics and PhotonicsVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsWroclaw University of TechnologyWroclawPoland
  3. 3.Laboratory of Optical Fiber TechnologyMaria Curie-Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland
  4. 4.SCK⋅CENBoeretangBelgium

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