Applied Physics B

, Volume 79, Issue 8, pp 927–932 | Cite as

Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers

  • D. Lorenser
  • H.J. Unold
  • D.J.H.C. Maas
  • A. Aschwanden
  • R. Grange
  • R. Paschotta
  • D. Ebling
  • E. Gini
  • U. Keller
Rapid communication

Abstract

One of the most application-relevant milestones that remain to be achieved in the field of passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers is the integration of the semiconductor absorber into the gain structure, enabling the realization of ultra-compact high-repetition-rate laser devices suitable for wafer-scale integration. We have recently succeeded in fabricating the key element in this concept, a quantum-dot-based saturable absorber with a very low saturation fluence, which for the first time allows stable mode locking of surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with the same mode areas on gain and absorber. Experimental results at high repetition rates of up to 30 GHz are shown.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    F. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, A. Mooradian : IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    U. Keller, D.A.B. Miller, G.D. Boyd, T.H. Chiu , J.F. Ferguson, M.T. Asom: Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au: IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A.C. Tropper, S.J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, U. Keller: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1135 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Garnache, S. Hoogland, A.C. Tropper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, J.S. Roberts: Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3892 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-38, 1268 (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Paschotta, R. Häring, U. Keller, A. Garnache, S. Hoogland, A.C. Tropper: Appl. Phys. B 75, 445 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Aschwanden, D. Lorenser, H.J. Unold, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, U. Keller: submitted to Opt. Lett. (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Aschwanden, D. Lorenser, H.J. Unold, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, U. Keller: Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Francisco (USA), 2004, postdeadline paper CPDB8Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, U. Keller: Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Jasim, Q. Zhang, A.V. Nurmikko, E. Ippen, A. Mooradian, G. Carey, W. Ha: Electron. Lett. 40, 34 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G.H.C. New: Opt. Commun. 6, 188 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H.A. Haus: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11 , 736 (1975)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, U. Keller: Appl. Phys. B 70, S25 (2000)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.E. Hastie, J.-M. Hopkins, C.W. Jeon, S. Calvez, D. Burns, M.D. Dawson, R. Abram, E. Riis, A.I. Ferguson, W.J. Alford, T.D. Raymond, A.A. Allerman: Electron. Lett. 39, 1324 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.G. McInerney, A. Mooradian, A. Lewis, A.V. Shchegrov, E.M. Strzelecka, D. Lee, J.P. Watson, M. Liebman, G.P. Carey, B.D. Cantos, W.R. Hitchens, D. Heald: Electron. Lett. 39, 523 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Shoji: “Self-Assembled Quantum Dot Lasers”, In Self-Assembled InGaAs/GaAs Quantum Dots (Academic Press, San Diego 1999)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Haiml, R. Grange, U. Keller: Appl. Phys. B 79, 331 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G.J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, U. Keller: Appl. Phys. B published online (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Lorenser
    • 1
  • H.J. Unold
    • 1
  • D.J.H.C. Maas
    • 1
  • A. Aschwanden
    • 1
  • R. Grange
    • 1
  • R. Paschotta
    • 1
  • D. Ebling
    • 2
  • E. Gini
    • 2
  • U. Keller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Quantum Electronics, Physics Department, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH)ETH Zürich HönggerbergZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.FIRST Center for Micro- and Nanoscience, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH)ETH Zürich HönggerbergZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations