Applied Physics B

, Volume 77, Issue 5, pp 469–484 | Cite as

Dot-in-a-dot: electronic and photonic confinement in all three dimensions

  • U. Woggon
  • R. Wannemacher
  • M.V. Artemyev
  • B. Möller
  • N. LeThomas
  • V. Anikeyev
  • O. Schöps
Invited paper

Abstract

We have studied the optical properties of three-dimensionally confined photon states in a spherical microcavity (the photonic dots) resonantly excited by photons emitted from semiconductor nanocrystals (the quantum dots). Glass and polymer microspheres with sizes of 2λ<R<10λ are characterized by spatially and temporally resolved micro-photoluminescence. The role of nanocrystal position and orientation is analyzed experimentally and theoretically. The emission spectra of single, bulk and hollow microspheres impregnated with CdSe quantum dots and quantum rods are investigated and the modification of the quantum dot radiative lifetime by the three-dimensional photon confinement is discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    T. Gutbrod, M. Bayer, A. Forchel, P.A. Knipp, T.L. Reinecke, A. Tartakovskii, V.D. Kulakovskii, N.A. Gippius, S.G. Tikhodeev: Phys. Rev. B 59, 2223 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.V. Artemyev, U. Woggon: Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1355 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Yamamoto, F. Tassone, H. Cao: Semiconductor Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. 169 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2000) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Benisty, J.M. Gerard, R. Houdre, J. Rarity, C. Weisbuch (Eds.): Confined Photon Systems, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 531 (Springer Verlag, Berlin 1999) Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.S. Agarwal: J. Modern Optics 45, (1998) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Burstein, C. Weisbuch (Eds): Confined Electrons and Photons (Plenum Press, New York 1995) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.M. Gerard, B. Gayral: Physica E 9, 131 (2001) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Bayer, A. Forchel, T.L. Reinecke, P.A. Knipp, S. Rudin: Phys. Stat. Sol. A 191, 3 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V.S. Ilchenko, A.A. Savchenkov, A.B. Matsko, L. Maleki: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 333 (2003) Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Arnold, M. Khoshsima, I. Teraoka, S. Holler, F. Vollmer: Opt. Lett. 28, 272 (2003) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Spillane, T. Kippenberg, K. Vahala: Nature 415, 621 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.D. Barnes, S.M. Mahurin, A. Mehta, B.G. Sumpter, D.W. Noid: Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 015508 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W.V. Klitzing, R. Long, V.S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefévre-Seguin: Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001) Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.R. Buck, H.J. Kimble: Phys. Rev. A 67, 033806 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E.M. Purcell: Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946) Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I.I. Rabi: Phys. Rev. 51, 652 (1937) MATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Allen, J.H. Eberly: Optical Resonances and Two-Level Atoms (Wiley, New York 1975) Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Mie: Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 25, 377 (1908) MATHGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Debye: Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 30, 57 (1909) Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.A. Stratton: Electrodynamic Theory (MacGraw Hill, New York 1941) Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Kerker: The Scattering of Light and other Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic Press, New York 1969) Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    H.C. van de Hulst: Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, New York 1981) Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.F. Bohren, D.R. Huffman: Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York 1983) Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P.W. Barber, S.C. Hill: Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore 1990) Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R.K. Chang, A.J. Campillo (Eds.): Optical Processes in Microcavities, Advanced Series in Appl. Physics, Vol. 3 (World Scientific, Singapore 1996) Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    S.C. Hill, R.E. Benner: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1509 (1986) Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Chew: Phys. Rev. A 38, 3410 (1988) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    V.B. Braginsky, M.L. Gorodetsky, V.S. Ilchenko: Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G. Chen, R.K. Chang, S.C. Hill, P.W. Barber: Opt. Lett. 16,1269 (1991) Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A.J. Campillo, J.D. Eversole, H.B. Lin: Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefévre-Seguin, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche: Phys. Rev. B 54, R1777 (1996) Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    D.W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N.P. Georgiades, V.S. Ilchenko, H.J. Kimble: Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998) Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    H.B. Lin, J.D. Eversole, A.J. Campillo, J.P. Barten: Opt. Lett. 23, 1921 (1998) Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    V.V. Klimov, P.N. Lebedev, M. Ducloy, V.S. Letokhov: Phys. Rev. A 59, 2996 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Fujiwara, K. Sasaki: J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2385 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    K. Takemoto, B.R. Hyun, Y. Masumoto: Solid State Comm. 114, 521 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Y. Masumoto, M. Ikezawa, B.R. Hyun, K. Takemoto, M. Furuya: Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 613 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    C.E. Finlayson, D.S. Ginger, N.C. Greenham: Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2500 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    H.J. Eisler, V.C. Sundar, M.G. Bawendi, M. Walsh, H.I. Smith, V. Klimov: Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4614 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    X. Fan, S. Lacey, P. Palinginis, H. Wang, M. Lonergan: Opt. Lett. 25, 1600 (2000) Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J.M. Gerard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, V. Thierry-Meig: Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110 (1998) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    G.S. Solomon, M. Pelton, Y. Yamamoto: Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3903 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Bayer, T.L. Reinecke, F. Weidner, A. Larionov, A. McDonald, A. Forchel: Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3168 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    L.S. Li, A.P. Alivisatos: Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 097402 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    B. Möller, U. Woggon, M.V. Artemyev, R. Wannemacher: Appl. Phys. Lett., in press Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    M. Kazes, D.Y. Lewis, Y. Ebenstein, T. Mokari, U. Banin: Adv. Mat. 14, 317 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    G. Börk, A. Karlsson, Y. Yamamoto: Phys. Rev. A 50, 1675 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    P.V. Kelkar, V.G. Kozlov, A.V. Nurmikko: Phys. Rev. B 56, 7564 (1997) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. Björk, Y. Yamamoto: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2386 (1991) Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    M. Pelton, Y. Yamamoto: Phys. Rev. A 59, 2418 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. Thränhardt, C. Ell, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs: Phys. Rev. B 65, 035327 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Woggon
    • 1
  • R. Wannemacher
    • 2
  • M.V. Artemyev
    • 3
  • B. Möller
    • 1
  • N. LeThomas
    • 1
  • V. Anikeyev
    • 1
  • O. Schöps
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität DortmundDortmundGermany
  2. 2.Fakultät für Physik und GeowissenschaftenUniversität LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Physico-Chemical Problems of Belarussian State UniversityMinskBelarus

Personalised recommendations