Applied Physics B

, Volume 77, Issue 2–3, pp 269–277 | Cite as

Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber

  • K.L. CorwinEmail author
  • N.R. Newbury
  • J.M. Dudley
  • S. Coen
  • S.A. Diddams
  • B.R. Washburn
  • K. Weber
  • R.S. Windeler
Regular Paper


Broadband supercontinuum spectra are generated in a microstructured fiber using femtosecond laser pulses. Noise properties of these spectra are studied through experiments and numerical simulations based on a generalized stochastic nonlinear Schrödinger equation. In particular, the relative intensity noise as a function of wavelength across the supercontinuum is measured over a wide range of input pulse parameters, and experimental results and simulations are shown to be in good quantitative agreement. For certain input pulse parameters, amplitude fluctuations as large as 50% are observed. The simulations clarify that the intensity noise on the supercontinuum arises from the amplification of two noise inputs during propagation – quantum-limited shot noise on the input pulse, and spontaneous Raman scattering in the fiber. The amplification factor is a sensitive function of the input pulse parameters. Short input pulses are critical for the generation of very broad supercontinua with low noise.


Femtosecond Laser Intensity Noise Shot Noise Femtosecond Laser Pulse Input Pulse 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • K.L. Corwin
    • 1
    Email author
  • N.R. Newbury
    • 1
  • J.M. Dudley
    • 2
  • S. Coen
    • 3
  • S.A. Diddams
    • 1
  • B.R. Washburn
    • 1
  • K. Weber
    • 1
  • R.S. Windeler
    • 4
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Optique P.M. DuffieuxUniversité de Franche-ComtéBesançonFrance
  3. 3.Service d’Optique et AcoustiqueUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.OFS LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA

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