Hydrogen storage using physisorption – materials demands
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A survey is presented of the storage capacities of a large number of different adsorbents for hydrogen at 77 K and 1 bar. Results are evaluated to examine the feasibility and perspectives of transportable and reversible storage systems based on physisorption of hydrogen on adsorbents. It is concluded that microporousadsorbents, e.g. zeolites and activated carbons, display appreciable sorption capacities. Based on their micropore volume (∼1 ml/g) carbon-based sorbents display the largest adsorption, viz. 238 ml (STP)/g, at the prevailing conditions. Optimization of sorbent and adsorption conditions is expected to lead to adsorption of ∼560 ml (STP)/g, close to targets set for mobile applications.
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