Epitaxial growth of metals with high Ehrlich–Schwoebel barriers and the effect of surfactants
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Interlayer diffusion in epitaxial systems with a high energy barrier at the atomic steps – the so-called Ehrlich–Schwoebel (ES) barrier – is strongly reduced. As a consequence of this, a continuous accumulation of roughness takes place during growth. This undesirable effect can be corrected by using surfactant agents. We have studied the influence of the ES barrier on the preparation of epitaxial films on Cu(111), and the surfactant effect of a monolayer of Pb.
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