Applied Physics A

, 125:758 | Cite as

Effects of neutron–gamma radiation on the free radical contents in epoxy resin: upconversion luminescence and structural stabilization

  • I. Kacem
  • M. Daoudi
  • W. Dridi
  • H. Sellemi
  • K. Harzli
  • G. De Izzara
  • B. Geslot
  • H. Guermazi
  • P. Blaise
  • F. Hosni
  • Ahmed F. Al-HossainyEmail author
  • A. Bourezgui
  • R. Chtourou


The purpose of this work is to study the effect of mixed neutron–gamma radiation (MNGR) on structural, optical and paramagnetic properties on epoxy resin nanostructure thin films [ER]NSTF. These films were prepared and irradiated in the nuclear reactor with dose range between 100 and 900 Gy. After exposure to MNGR, FT-IR results demonstrated the broad ν(OH) and ν(C=O) band to increase with increase in radiation dose, while the ν(C–H) band decreased with increase in radiation dose. This is due to the formation of chain stretch, bending and scission/cross-linking through MNGR that lead to a decrease in the crystallinity region contained within the [ER]NSTF. XRD data confirm these results and show that the crystalline phase was destroyed by MNGR irradiation. PL is used to determine the fundamental transition and defects transitions in [ER]NSTF at 300 K. It was found that MNGR leads to significant enhancement of the luminescence properties. Samples of [ER]NSTF irradiated with 600 Gy dose presented the highest response. Therefore, EPR results confirmed that MNGR induces the paramagnetic center’s formation of the [ER]NSTF whose concentration varies differently.



Mixed neutron–gamma radiation


Epoxy resin nanostructure thin films


Fourier transform infrared


X-ray powder diffraction


Photoluminescence measurements


Electron paramagnetic resonance


Epoxy resins


Minerve experimental reactor


Atomic Energy Commission


Non-irradiated epoxy resins


Irradiated epoxy resins with 100 Gy


Irradiated epoxy resins with 500 Gy


Irradiated epoxy resins with 600 Gy


Irradiated epoxy resins with 900 Gy


Miller indices


Bragg angle


Full width at half maximum




Crystallite size


X-ray wavelength


Arbitrary unit


Lowest unoccupied molecular orbital


Highest occupied molecular orbital


Band of defects


Energy gap


Burstein–Moss effect


Landé factor


International Centres based on Research Reactors


International Atomic Energy Agency



This paper was developed under the framework of the International Centres based on Research Reactors (ICERR). This research was partially supported by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Atomic Energy and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) in France (Grant no. 123252).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Kacem
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Daoudi
    • 4
  • W. Dridi
    • 4
  • H. Sellemi
    • 4
  • K. Harzli
    • 4
  • G. De Izzara
    • 5
  • B. Geslot
    • 5
  • H. Guermazi
    • 6
  • P. Blaise
    • 5
  • F. Hosni
    • 4
    • 7
  • Ahmed F. Al-Hossainy
    • 3
    • 8
    Email author
  • A. Bourezgui
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Chtourou
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences of TunisUniversity of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Nanomaterials and Systems for Renewable Energy LaboratoryResearch and Technology Center of EnergyHammam LifTunisia
  3. 3.Faculty of ScienceNorthern Border UniversityArarSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Energy and Matter Research Laboratory (LR16CNSTN02)National Centre for Nuclear Sciences and TechnologySidi-ThabetTunisia
  5. 5.Experimental Programs Laboratory (LPE)Saint Paul-Lez-DuranceFrance
  6. 6.Research Unit, Physics of Insulating and Semi-insulating MaterialsUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  7. 7.Faculty of SciencesUniversity of BishaBishaSaudi Arabia
  8. 8.Faculty of Science, Chemistry DepartmentNew Valley UniversityAl-KhargaEgypt

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