Applied Physics A

, 125:744 | Cite as

Theoretical predictions of magnetic shape memory alloys in Gallium-rich Heusler compounds

  • Ying Wang
  • Xiong YangEmail author
  • Yanhong Xue
  • Mingrun Du


This paper provides a comprehensive study of the structural, magnetic, electronic, vibrational, and bulk mechanical properties for Ga2(Nb,Ta,W)X (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni) Heusler alloys using first-principles density-functional theory. By considering the total energy, the structural type and magnetic configuration of cubic Ga2(Nb,Ta,W)X are determined. Analyzing the calculated formation energies allows determination of the compounds that are stable electronically. The total energy difference between the austenite and martensite phases indicates that all the alloys are prone to tetragonal transitions from the austenite to martensite phases. Furthermore, the martensitic transitions are demonstrated from the perspectives of the density of states, phonon dispersion, mechanical stability criteria, and elastic anisotropy ratio. The ratio of the shear to bulk moduli indicates that all the considered Ga2-based materials are inherently ductile, and most of the alloys possess much better ductility than the well-known Ni2MnGa material. Among the considered alloys, Ga2(Nb,Ta)X (X = Cr, Mn, and Fe) and Ga2WX (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, and Co), which have martensitic transition temperatures above room temperature, are expected to operate as new magnetic shape memory alloys.



This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (3122015L016) and the National Natural Science Fund (11804384).

Supplementary material

339_2019_3041_MOESM1_ESM.docx (938 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 938 kb)
339_2019_3041_MOESM2_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 24 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of ScienceCivil Aviation University of ChinaTianjinChina

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