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Applied Physics A

, 125:142 | Cite as

Effect of nanostructures on rapid boiling of water films: a comparative study by molecular dynamics simulation

  • Peng Zhang
  • Leping ZhouEmail author
  • Lu Jin
  • Hui Zhao
  • Xiaoze Du
Article
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Nanostructures, such as post, sphere, cone, and cuboid, can drastically enhance the rapid boiling heat transfer from a solid plate to adjacent liquid molecules. In this work, we demonstrate the effect of nanostructures on the rapid boiling of water films by molecular dynamics simulation. The comparison between cubic and T-shaped nanostructures which are based on a copper plate is implemented. Rate of temperature rise and departure velocity from the structure for water boiling on T-shaped nanostructure have the greatest values followed by cubic nanostructure and flat plate. The densities of water films above these nanostructures are higher than that above flat plate. Departure velocity and restrictions on the movement of water molecules due to the structure beneath the cuboids can affect the heat transfer coefficient between water film and copper plate with T-shaped nanostructure. The heat flux vs. the time in the non-equilibrium phase change stage is given. With the variation of heat flux vs. time being similar, cubic and T-shaped nanostructures show greater heat fluxes than that of the plate when the vapor films appear. It is strongly recommended to use the new nanostructure for rapid boiling, and further study on the mechanisms of liquid molecules behaviors in nanostructures with various structural parameters is suggested for process intensification.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51876058).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Zhang
    • 1
  • Leping Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lu Jin
    • 1
  • Hui Zhao
    • 1
  • Xiaoze Du
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Condition Monitoring and Control for Power Plant Equipment of Ministry of Education, School of Energy, Power and Mechanical EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina

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