Applied Physics A

, 125:148 | Cite as

In situ XRD analyses for asymmetric responses of poled PLZT ceramics during electric fatigue

  • Fengjuan YangEmail author
  • Xuan Cheng
  • Ying ZhangEmail author


Electric fatigue behaviors of the poled lanthanum-doped lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) ceramics were investigated using a home-made electric loading apparatus in conjunction with a conventional X-ray diffractometer. The XRD data were measured under actions of the applied direct current electric fields on the as-received poled PLZT specimens being experienced various cycles (10N) of alternating current (AC) electric fields. Experimental data showed that in addition to apparent degradation in remnant polarization, asymmetries in hysteresis loops and fraction of 90° domain switching curves were observed. It was found that an offset electrical field (\(\Delta {{\text{E}}_N}\)) was induced in the poled specimen by polarization with its direction against the direction of the polarization. Furthermore, the magnitude of \(\Delta {{\text{E}}_N}\) and the degree of asymmetry (δN) decreased as the number of AC electric fatigue cycles (10N) varied from 100 to 106. In situ XRD data suggested that the poled specimen exhibited different abilities to reorient a-domains into c-domains when the applied electric fields were opposite. The δN not only depended linearly on \(\Delta {{\text{E}}_N}\), but also on abilities of the poled specimen to reorient a-domains into c-domains.



The authors wish to acknowledge the financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11372263) and the Fujian Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials (AML201501).

Author contributions

F-JY designed the experiments and performed all the measurements; XC assisted the manuscript preparation; YZ prepared the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xiamen Institute of TechnologyXiamenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of MaterialsXiamen UniversityXiamenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Fujian Key Laboratory of Advanced MaterialsXiamen UniversityXiamenPeople’s Republic of China

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