Applied Physics A

, 124:782 | Cite as

Hedgehog ZnO/Ag heterostructure: an environment-friendly rare earth free potential material for cold-white light emission with high quantum yield

  • Puja Bhattacharyya
  • Swarupananda Bhattacharjee
  • Manoranjan Bar
  • Uttam Kumar Ghorai
  • Mrinal Pal
  • Sujoy BaitalikEmail author
  • Chandan Kr. GhoshEmail author



Solid-state white light emission from environment-friendly, highly stable hedgehog ZnO/Ag heterostructure has been observed for first time from a combined effect of tunability of emission centers and charge transfer. The heterostructure has been synthesized via a facile low-temperature hydrothermal route and characterized using X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. The interaction between ZnO and Ag can be confirmed from the appearance of few new multi-phonon Raman peaks. Steady-state photoluminescence spectrum reveals multiple emissions (413, 453, 546, 605 and 667 nm) from virgin hedgehog ZnO at an excitation wavelength of 325 nm. Tuneability of radiative and non-radiative emission of ZnO which is the primary mechanism for white light emission (CIE coordinate: 0.35, 0.32) has been briefly investigated by time-correlated single-photon spectroscopy. Biocompatible as well cost-effectivity depicts that the as-prepared heterostructure would be a promising solid-state white light-emitting phosphor material for long-term use.

Graphical abstract



One of the authors (PB) wants to thank UPE-II for financial support during execution of the work.

Supplementary material

339_2018_2174_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1006 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1006 KB)


  1. 1.
    C. Li, R.S. Nobuyasu, Y. Wang, F.B. Dias, Z. Ren, M.R. Bryce, S. Yan, Adv. Opt. Mater. 5, 1700435 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Chen, C.C. Lin, C. Yeh, R. Liu, Materials. 3, 2172–2195 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Wang, W. Li, K. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 8558–8565 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Das, A. Marathe, X. Zhang, Z. Zhao, J. Chaudhuri, RSC Adv. 6, 95055–95061 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V.K. Sharma, B. Guzelturk, T. Erdem, Y. Kelestemur, H.V. Demir, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 6, 3654–3660, (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.J. Gwak, P. Arunkumar, W.B. Im, J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 2686–2692 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Kang, H.S. Yoo, S.H. Jung, H. Kim, D.Y. Jeon, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 24334–24340 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G.Q. Yao, J.H. Lin, L. Zhang, G.X. Lu, M.L. Gong, M.Z. Su, J. Mater. Chem. 8(3), 585–588 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z.-Y. Mao, F. Wang, J.-J. Chen, D.-J. Wang, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98, 3856–3862 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Ogi, H. Iwasaki, A.B.D. Nandiyanto, F. Iskandar, W.-N. Wang, K. Okuyama, J. Mater. Chem. C. 2, 4297 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Kar, S. Kundu, A. Patra, RSC Adv. 2, 4879–4885 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Q. Wei, G. Liu, Z. Zhou, J. Wan, J. Wang, Q. Liu, RSC Adv. 5, 85862 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.J. Huang, Y.B. Ye, Z.Q. Lei, X.J. Ye, M.Z. Rong, M.Q. Zhang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16, 5480–5484 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R.A. Young, D.B. Wiles, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 15, 430–438 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    X. Yan, C. Zou, X. Gao, W. Gao, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 5629–5640 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Liang, iN. Guo, L. Li, R. Li, G. Ji, S. Gan, New J. Chem. 40, 1587–1594 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X. He, H. Wang, Z. Li, D. Chen, J. Liu, Q. Zhang, Nanoscale 7, 8619–8626 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. Chen, Y. Zheng, Y. Zhan, X. Lin, K. Zheng, Q.I. Wei, Dalton Trans. 40, 9566–9570 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. Xu, F. Zhang, X. Song, Z. Yin, Y. Bu, J. Mater. Chem. A. 3, 5923–5933 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Wang, Z. Li, M. Li, J. Liao, C. Chen, S. Lv, C. Shia, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 31822–31829 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.A. Khan, V.A. Fonoberov, M. Shamsa, A.A. Balandina, J. Appl. Phys. 200597, 124313Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ü Özgür, Y.A.I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M.A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, J. Cho, S.H. Morkoc, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 1–103 (2005)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    X. Xu Liu, W. Li, N. Chen, X. Xing, C. Donga, Y. Wang, RSC Adv. 5, 34456–34465 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y.-IL Kim, S. Cadars, R. Shayib, T. Proffen, C.S. Feigerle, B.F. Chmelka, R. Seshadri Phys. Rev. B. 78, 195205 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.S. Lo, D. Huang, C.H. Tu, D.J. Jan, J. Raman Spectrosc 40, 1694–1697 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Udayabhaskar, B. Karthikeyan, P. Sreekanth, R. Philip, RSC Adv. 5, 13590 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Dong, C. Feng, P. Jiang, G. Wang, K. Li, H. Miao, RSC Adv 4, 7340–7346 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Vempati, A. Celebioglu, T. Uyar, Nanoscale 7, 16110 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M.K. Kavitha, P. Gopinath, H. John, Phys Chem Chem Phys 17, 14647 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. Kumar, H.C. Swart, O.M. Ntwaeaborwa, R.E. Kroon, J.J. Terblans, S.K.K. Shaat, A. Yousif, M.M. Duvenhage Mater. Lett. 101, 57–60 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    H. Liu, T. Chu, Z. Rao, S. Wang, Y. Yang, W.-T. Wong, Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1545–1550 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    X. Wen, A. Sitt, P. Yu, Y.-R. Toh, J. Tang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 3505–3512 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. Dingle, Phys. Rev. 184, 788 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    D.G. Thomas, J.J. Hopfield, W.M. Augustyniak, Phys. Rev. 140, A202 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Colbow, Phys. Rev. 141, 742 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M.H.V. Werts, R.T.F. Jukes, J.W. Verhoeven, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4, 1542 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. Bera, L. Qian, S. Sabui, S. Santra, P.H. Holloway, Opt. Mater. 30, 1233 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puja Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  • Swarupananda Bhattacharjee
    • 1
  • Manoranjan Bar
    • 2
  • Uttam Kumar Ghorai
    • 3
  • Mrinal Pal
    • 4
  • Sujoy Baitalik
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chandan Kr. Ghosh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and NanotechnologyJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Inorganic SectionJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Department of Industrial Chemistry and Swami Vivekananda Research CenterRamakrishna Mission VidyamandiraHowrahIndia
  4. 4.Sensor and Actuator DivisionCSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations