Photocatalytic quartz fiber felts with carbon-connected TiO2 nanoparticles for capillarity-driven continuous-flow water treatment
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Immobility of photocatalysts on substrates is a vital factor for the practical application of photocatalysis in polluted water/air treatment. In this study, TiO2 homogenously loaded quartz fiber felt was prepared by assembling of carboxyl-contained organic molecules functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles on the surface of amino group-modified quartz fiber by electrostatic adsorption between them and followed by an anneal process. The immobilization of TiO2 nanoparticles overcomes one main obstacle of the photocatalysts recycling in photocatalysis application. In addition, a plasma treatment endowed the hybrid photocatalyst a high hydrophilic property. Due to the homogeneous distribution of TiO2, charge carriers’ separation by carbon, and full contact between water and the photocatalyst derived from the high hydrophilia, the TiO2/quartz fiber felt shows excellent photocatalytic performance. Based on the stable loading and the capillarity effect of the contacted fibers photocatalyst, a demo capillarity-driven continuous-flow water treatment photocatalysis reactor was designed and built up. The TiO2 nanoparticle/quartz fiber hybrid photocatalyst can disposal organic contaminants in actual industrial waste water from a dyeing factory in the continuous-flow reactor. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the industrial waste water was decreased from 104 to 45 mg/L, overcoming the problem of deep water treatment which is difficult to solve by other methods. This study provides a new photocatalyst and reaction mode for the continuous-flow photocatalysis application.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 51732007 and 51372138), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFE0102700), the Fundamental Research Funds of Shandong University (2015JC017), the 2014 Innovative Jiaxing Elite Leading Talents Program (A), and the Science and Technology Project Foundation of Jiaxing City (2015BZ12004).
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There are no conflicts of interest to report.
Supplementary material 2 (MP4 9470 KB)