Investigation of field emission properties of laser irradiated tungsten
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Nd:YAG laser irradiation of Tungsten (W) has been performed in air at atmospheric pressure for four laser fluences ranging from 130 to 500 J/cm2. Scanning electron microscope analysis revealed the formation of micro and nanoscale surface features including cones, grains, mounds and pores. Field emission (FE) studies have been performed in a planar diode configuration under ultra-high vacuum conditions by recording I–V characteristics and plotting corresponding electric field (E) versus emission current density (J). The Fowler–Nordheim (FN) plots are found to be linear confirming the quantum mechanical tunneling phenomena for the structured targets. The irradiated samples at different fluences exhibit a turn-on field, field enhancement factor β and a maximum current density ranging from 5 to 8.5 V/µm, 1300 to 3490 and 107 to 350 µA/cm2, respectively. The difference in the FE properties is attributed to the variation in the nature and density of the grown structures at different fluences.
The authors acknowledge Prof. Dr. Riaz Ahmad (Director CASP) and Dr. Tousif Hussain for providing the high voltage power supply and the SEM facility. We also acknowledge Prof. Dr. Anwar Latif (Chairman Physics department UET Lahore) and Shariqa Hassan Butt for providing the XRD facility at Department of Physics UET Lahore.
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