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Applied Physics A

, 124:34 | Cite as

Structural and electrochemical analysis of chemically synthesized microcubic architectured lead selenide thin films

  • T. S. Bhat
  • A. V. Shinde
  • R. S. Devan
  • A. M. Teli
  • Y. R. Ma
  • J. H. Kim
  • P. S. Patil
Article
  • 184 Downloads

Abstract

The present work deals with the synthesis of lead selenide (PbSe) thin films by simple and cost-effective chemical bath deposition method with variation in deposition time. The structural, morphological, and electrochemical properties of as-deposited thin films were examined using characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge–discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. XRD reveals formation of rock salt phase cubic structured PbSe. FE-SEM images show the formation of microcubic structured morphology. The existence of the PbSe is confirmed from the XPS analysis. On the other hand, CV curves show four reaction peaks corresponding to oxidation [PbSe and Pb(OH)2] and reduction (PbO2 and Pb(OH)2) at the surface of PbSe thin films. The PbSe:2 sample deposited for 80 min. shows maximum specific capacitance of 454 ± 5 F g− 1 obtained at 0.25 mA cm− 2 current density. The maximum energy density of 69 Wh kg− 1 was showed by PbSe:2 electrode with a power density of 1077 W kg− 1. Furthermore, electrochemical impedance studies of PbSe:2 thin film show 80 ± 3% cycling stability even after 500 CV cycles. Such results show the importance of microcubic structured PbSe thin film as an anode in supercapacitor devices.

Notes

Acknowledgements

One of the author TSB is thankful to the University Grants Commission (UGC) New Delhi, India for awarding the UGC-BSR (JRF) fellowship (Grant no. F.25-1/2013-14(BSR)/7-167/2007 (BSR)) for financial support. Author AVS is thankful to the Department of Science and Technology (DST) New Delhi, India for awarding ‘Scholarship for Higher Education (SHE)(2205/2012)’ through ‘INSPIRE’ scheme. This work is supported by University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, through the project no. 43-517/2014(SR) and partially supported by the Human Resources Development program (no.: 20124010203180) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thin Film Materials Laboratory, Department of PhysicsShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  2. 2.Discipline of Metallurgy Engineering and Materials ScienceIndian Institute of Technology IndoreIndoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsNational Dong Hwa UniversityHualienTaiwan, ROC
  4. 4.School of Applied Chemical EngineeringChonnam National UniversityGwangjuSouth Korea

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