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Applied Physics A

, 122:393 | Cite as

Influence of the content on properties of microwave-exfoliated graphite oxide and Ni(OH)2 composites

  • Y. M. Shulga
  • S. A. Baskakov
  • Y. V. Baskakova
  • N. Y. Shulga
  • E. A. Skryleva
  • Y. N. Parkhomenko
  • A. G. Krivenko
  • K. G. Belay
  • G. L. GutsevEmail author
Article

Abstract

Composites of Ni(OH)2 and microwave-exfoliated graphite oxide (MEGO) with component ratios of 20:80, 35:65, and 50:50 have been synthesized by treating a water mixture of MEGO with NiSO4 × 7H2O in a KOH solution. The structure and properties of the composites obtained have been studied using IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. MEGO is known to possess high stability during the charge–discharge process and relatively low specific capacitance. On the contrary, Ni(OH)2 possesses a high specific capacitance and a low stability during the charge–discharge process. Our experimental results show that the addition of MEGO to Ni(OH)2 increases the stability of the composite electrode under a charge–discharge process. Some increase in the specific capacitance during the cycling have been observed for the composites with the 35:65 and 50:50 ratios. Moreover, the specific capacitance of the 35:65 composite matches the specific capacitance of pure Ni(OH)2 after 100 cycles.

Keywords

Specific Capacitance RuO2 High Specific Capacitance Porous Electrode NiSO4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been partially supported by the RF Ministry of Education and Science (State Assignment No. 11.1797.2014/K). The work was and performed by using the equipment of the Joint Research Center “Material Science and Metallurgy” at the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS” (project ID: RFMEFI59414X0007).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of Science and Technology MISISMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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