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Applied Physics A

, 122:168 | Cite as

Developments in the Ni–Nb–Zr amorphous alloy membranes

A review
  • S. Sarker
  • D. ChandraEmail author
  • M. Hirscher
  • M. Dolan
  • D. Isheim
  • J. Wermer
  • D. Viano
  • M. Baricco
  • T. J. Udovic
  • D. Grant
  • O. Palumbo
  • A. Paolone
  • R. Cantelli
Invited Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Hydrogen-based energy storage

Abstract

Most of the global H2 production is derived from hydrocarbon-based fuels, and efficient H2/CO2 separation is necessary to deliver a high-purity H2 product. Hydrogen-selective alloy membranes are emerging as a viable alternative to traditional pressure swing adsorption processes as a means for H2/CO2 separation. These membranes can be formed from a wide range of alloys, and those based on Pd are the closest to commercial deployment. The high cost of Pd (USD ~31,000 kg−1) is driving the development of less-expensive alternatives, including inexpensive amorphous (Ni60Nb40)100−x Zr x alloys. Amorphous alloy membranes can be fabricated directly from the molten state into continuous ribbons via melt spinning and depending on the composition can exhibit relatively high hydrogen permeability between 473 and 673 K. Here we review recent developments in these low-cost membrane materials, especially with respect to permeation behavior, electrical transport properties, and understanding of local atomic order. To further understand the nature of these solids, atom probe tomography has been performed, revealing amorphous Nb-rich and Zr-rich clusters embedded in majority Ni matrix whose compositions deviated from the nominal overall composition of the membrane.

Keywords

Amorphous Alloy Bulk Metallic Glass Permeation Rate Pressure Swing Adsorption Atom Probe Tomography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is supported by US DOE-NNSA Grant (US DE-NA0002004).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA
  2. 2.Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente SystemeStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.CSIRO, QCAT, EnergyPullenvaleAustralia
  4. 4.Materials Science and EngineeringNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  5. 5.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  6. 6.Department of Chemistry and NISUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  7. 7.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  8. 8.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  9. 9.CNR-ISC, U.O.S. La SapienzaRomeItaly
  10. 10.University of Rome, La SapienzaRomaItaly

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