Applied Physics A

, 122:97 | Cite as

Review of magnesium hydride-based materials: development and optimisation

  • J.-C. Crivello
  • B. Dam
  • R. V. Denys
  • M. Dornheim
  • D. M. Grant
  • J. Huot
  • T. R. Jensen
  • P. de Jongh
  • M. Latroche
  • C. Milanese
  • D. Milčius
  • G. S. Walker
  • C. J. WebbEmail author
  • C. Zlotea
  • V. A. YartysEmail author
Invited Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Hydrogen-based energy storage


Magnesium hydride has been studied extensively for applications as a hydrogen storage material owing to the favourable cost and high gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen densities. However, its high enthalpy of decomposition necessitates high working temperatures for hydrogen desorption while the slow rates for some processes such as hydrogen diffusion through the bulk create challenges for large-scale implementation. The present paper reviews fundamentals of the Mg–H system and looks at the recent advances in the optimisation of magnesium hydride as a hydrogen storage material through the use of catalytic additives, incorporation of defects and an understanding of the rate-limiting processes during absorption and desorption.


Hydride Nb2O5 Equal Channel Angular Pressing Hydrogen Diffusion Metal Hydride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is a part of the activities within IEA Task 32 Hydrogen-based Energy Storage. We are grateful for the task coordinator Dr. Michael Hirscher and all the experts from the Task 32 for the fruitful collaboration.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Paris Est, ICMPE (UMR 7182), CNRS, UPECThiaisFrance
  2. 2.Delft University of Technology, Chemical EngineeringDelftThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute for Energy TechnologyKjellerNorway
  4. 4.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  5. 5.Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Zentrum für Material- und Küstenforschung GmbHGeesthachtGermany
  6. 6.Nottingham UniversityNottinghamUK
  7. 7.Hydrogen Research InstituteUniversité du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada
  8. 8.Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO) and Department of ChemistryAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  9. 9.Debye Institute for Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  10. 10.Pavia Hydrogen Lab, C.S.G.I. and Chemistry DepartmentPavia UniversityPaviaItaly
  11. 11.Lithuanian Energy InstituteKaunasLithuania
  12. 12.Queensland Micro- and Nanotechnology CentreGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia

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