Applied Physics A

, 122:871

Identification of green pigments from fragments of Roman mural paintings of three Roman sites from north of Germania Superior

  • Rafaela Debastiani
  • Rolf Simon
  • Joerg Goettlicher
  • Stefan Heissler
  • Ralph Steininger
  • David Batchelor
  • Michael Fiederle
  • Tilo Baumbach
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Innovation in Art Research and Technology


Roman mural green pigment painting fragments from three Roman sites in the north of the Roman province Germania Superior: Koblenz Stadtwald Remstecken (KOSR), Weißenthurm “Am guten Mann” (WEIS) and Mendig Lungenkärchen (MELU), dating from second and third centuries AD were analyzed. The experiments were performed nondestructively using synchrotron-based scanning macro-X-ray fluorescence (SR-MA-XRF), synchrotron-based scanning micro-X-ray fluorescence (SR-μ-XRF), synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. Correlation between SR-MA-XRF, SR-μ-XRF elemental map distributions and optical images of scanned areas was mainly found for the elements Ca, Fe and K. With XRF, Fe and K were identified correlated with green pigment, but in samples from two sites, Mendig Lungenkärchen and Weißenthurm “Am guten Mann”, also Cu was detected in minor concentration. The results of SR-XRD and Raman spectroscopy were limited to one sample from Weißenthurm “Am guten Mann”. In this sample, green earth and calcium carbonate were identified by SR-XRD and, additionally, malachite by Raman spectroscopy.

Supplementary material

339_2016_400_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (405 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 405 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ANKA-IBPT/IPSKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Environment and Natural ResourcesUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Freiburg Materials Research Center (FMF)University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Functional Interfaces (IFG)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany

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