Applied Physics A

, 122:898 | Cite as

Fra Angelico’s painting technique revealed by terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI)

  • Corinna Ludovica Koch Dandolo
  • Marcello Picollo
  • Costanza Cucci
  • Peter Uhd Jepsen
Article

Abstract

We have investigated with terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI) the well-known Lamentation over the dead Christ panel painting (San Marco Museum, Florence) painted by Fra Giovanni Angelico within 1436 and 1441. The investigation provided a better understanding of the construction and gilding technique used by the eminent artist, as well as the plastering technique used during the nineteenth-century restoration intervention. The evidence obtained from THz-TDI scans was correlated with the available documentation on the preservation history of the art piece. Erosion and damages documented for the wooden support, especially in the lower margin, found confirmation in the THz-TD images.

References

  1. 1.
    W.L. Chan, J. Deibel, D.M. Mittleman, Imaging with terahertz radiation. Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(8), 1325–1379 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. Duling, D. Zimdars, Terahertz imaging: revealing hidden defects. Nat. Photonics 3(11), 630–632 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.-L. Bodnar, J.-J. Metayer, K. Mouhoubi, V. Detalle, Non destructive testing of works of art by terahertz analysis. Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 64(2), 21001 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.M. Groves, B. Pradarutti, E. Kouloumpi, W. Osten, G. Notni, 2D and 3D non-destructive evaluation of a wooden panel painting using shearography and terahertz imaging. NDT E Int. 42(6), 543–549 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Picollo, K. Fukunaga, J. Labaune, Obtaining noninvasive stratigraphic details of panel paintings using terahertz time domain spectroscopy imaging system. J. Cult. Herit. 16(1), 73–80 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Bendada, S. Sfarra, C. Ibarra-Castanedo, M. Akhloufi, J.-P.P. Caumes, C. Pradere, J.-C. Batsale, X. Maldague, C.I. Castanedo, M. Akhloufi, J.-P.P. Caumes, Subsurface imaging for panel paintings inspection: a comparative study of the ultraviolet, the visible, the infrared and the terahertz spectra. Opto Electron. Rev 23(1), 88–99 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.L.K. Dandolo, P.U. Jepsen, THz reflectometric imaging of contemporary panel artwork, in 2013 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz) (2013), pp. 1–2Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.L. Koch Dandolo, A. Cosentino, P. Uhd Jepsen, Inspection of panel paintings beneath gilded finishes using terahertz time-domain imaging. Stud. Conserv. Suppl 60, S159–S166 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C.L. Koch Dandolo, T. Filtenborg, J. Skou-Hansen, P.U. Jepsen, Analysis of a seventeenth-century panel painting by reflection terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI): contribution of ultrafast optics to museum collections inspection. Appl. Phys. A 121(3), 981–986 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.S. Skryl, J.B. Jackson, M.I. Bakunov, M. Menu, G.A. Mourou, Terahertz time-domain imaging of hidden defects in wooden artworks: application to a Russian icon painting. Appl. Opt. 53(6), 1033 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Cosentino, C.L. Koch-Dandolo, A. Cristaudo, P. Uhd Jepsen, Diagnostics pre and post conservation on a 14th century gilded icon from Taormina, Sicily. E-conserv. J. 3, 1–7 (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Uzielli, Z. Véliz, J. Wadum, P. Walker, History of panel-making techniques, in The Structural Conservation of Panel PaintingsProceedings of a Symposium at the J. Paul Getty Museum, April 1995, vol. Part two (1998), pp. 109–185Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Fukunaga, M. Picollo, Terahertz spectroscopy applied to the analysis of artists’ materials. Appl. Phys. A 100(3), 591–597 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Fukunaga, M. Picollo, Characterisation of works of art, in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging Springer Series in Optical Sciences 171 (2013), pp. 521–538Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Salmi, Fra Angelico|Italian painter|Britannica.com. Encyclopaedia Britanica (2014). [Online]. http://global.britannica.com/biography/Fra-Angelico. Accessed 17 Oct 2015
  16. 16.
    Regione Toscana, Visit the Places of Faith in Tuscany—Ex Oratorio della Compagnia di Santa Maria Vergine della Croce al Tempio. [Online]. http://web.rete.toscana.it/Fede/ricerca.jsp. Accessed 17 Oct 2015
  17. 17.
    ISCR, Portale ARES, DOC 4052 Mostra di dipinti restaurati. [Online]. http://www.iscr-ares.beniculturali.it:8080/ares/ricerche.do?formAction15&idintervento=3752&type=DOC. Accessed 17 Oct 2015
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
    D. Zimdars, J.V. Rudd, M. Warmuth, in A Compact, Fiber-Pigtailed, Terahertz Time Domain Spectroscopy System. [Online]. http://web.eecs.umich.edu/~jeast/zimdars_2000_7_15.pdf. Accessed 01 Nov 2015
  20. 20.
    J.D. Buron, D.H. Petersen, P. Bøggild, D.G. Cooke, M. Hilke, J. Sun, E. Whiteway, P.F. Nielsen, O. Hansen, A. Yurgens, P.U. Jepsen, Graphene conductance uniformity mapping. Nano Lett. 12(10), 5074–5081 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    F.J. Harris, On the use of windows for harmonic analysis with the discrete Fourier transform. Proc. IEEE 66(1), 51–83 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Liu, W.-H. Fan, X. Chen, J. Xie, Identification of high explosive RDX using terahertz imaging and spectral fingerprints. J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 680, 012030 (2016)ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Zhong, J. Xu, X. Xie, T. Yuan, R. Reightler, E. Madaras, X.C. Zhang, Nondestructive defect identification with terahertz time-of-flight tomography. IEEE Sens. J. 5(2), 203–207 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.J.L. Adam, P.C.M. Planken, S. Meloni, J. Dik, Terahertz imaging of hidden paint layers on canvas. Opt. Express 17(5), 3407–3416 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A.K. Azad, W. Zhang, Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness. Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2945 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DTU FOTONIK, Department of Photonics EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.IFAC-CNRFIItaly
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones en ÓpticaLeonMexico

Personalised recommendations