Applied Physics A

, 122:604 | Cite as

Structural, dielectric and impedance characteristics of lanthanum-modified BiFeO3–PbTiO3 electronic system

  • S. K. Pradhan
  • S. N. Das
  • S. BhuyanEmail author
  • C. Behera
  • R. Padhee
  • R. N. P. Choudhary


A lanthanum-modified BiFeO3–PbTiO3 binary electronic system has been fabricated by a high-temperature solid-state reaction technique. The structural, dielectric and electrical properties of a single phase of multicomponent system are investigated to understand its ferroelectrics as well as relaxation behavior. The X-ray diffraction structural analysis substantiates the formation of a new stable phase of tetragonal system (with a large c/a ratio 1.23) without any trace of impurity phase. The electrical behavior of the processed material is characterized through impedance spectroscopy in a wide frequency range (1 kHz–1 MHz) over a temperature range of 25–500 °C. It is observed that the substitution of lanthanum-modified PbTiO3 (PT) into BiFeO3 (BFO) reveals enviable multiferroic property which is evident from the ME coefficient measurement and ferroelectric loop. It also reduces the electrical leakage current or tangent loss. The ac conductivity of the solid solution increases with increase in frequency in the low-temperature region. The impedance spectroscopy of the synthesized material reflects the dielectric relaxation of non-Debye type.


BiFeO3 Electric Modulus Modulus Analysis Multiferroic Property Voltage Coefficient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    H. Schmid, Ferroelectrics 162, 317 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Eerenstein, N.D. Mathur, J.F. Scott, Nat. Lond. 442, 759 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.M. Kumar, V.R. Palkar, K. Srinivas, S.V. Suryanarayana, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2764 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.P. Wang, L. Zhou, M.F. Zhang, X.Y. Chen, J.M. Liu, Z.G. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1731 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Behera, R.N.P. Choudhary, P.R. Das, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 2086–2095 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y.J. Wu, X.K. Chen, J. Zhang, X.J. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 053927 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Kawae, Y. Terauchi, H. Tsuda, M. Kumeda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 112904 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.S. Wu, Z.B. Huang, C.X. Han, S.L. Yuan, C.L. Lu, S.C. Xia, Solid State Commun. 152, 2142 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V.R. Palkar, J. John, R. Pinto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1628 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Mazumder, A. Sen, J. Alloys Compd. 475, 577 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X.Q. Zhang, Y. Sui, X.J. Wang, J.K. Tang, W.H. Su, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 07D918 (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Cheng, S.W. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Meng, L.E. Cross, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 122911 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K.K. Mishra, A.T. Satya, A. Bharathi, V. Sivasubramanian, V.R.K. Murthy, A.K. Arora, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 123529 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Thorsten, T. Granzow, J. Wook, J. Rödel, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 014103 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.N.P. Choudhary, K. Perez, P. Bhattacharya, R.S. Katiyar, Appl. Phys. A 86, 13 (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Sharma, V. Singh, O. Parkash, R.K. Dwivedi, Appl. Phys. A 112, 975 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K.K. Mishra, V. Sivasubramanian, R.M. Sarguna, T.R. Ravindran, A.K. Arora, J. Solid State Chem. 184, 2381 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Gupta, S. Bhattacharjee, D. Pandey, V. Bansal, S.K. Bhargava, J.L. Peng, A. Garg, Appl. Phys. A 104, 395 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    F. Huang, X. Lu, Z. Wang, W. Lin, Y. Kan, H.B. Cai, J. Zhu, Appl. Phys. A 97, 699 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L.F. Co´ tica, F.R. Estrada, V.F. Freitas, G.S. Dias, I.A. Santos, J.A. Eiras, D. Garcia, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 114105 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. Wu, POWD, an interactive powder diffraction data interpretation and indexing program, Ver. 2.1. School of Physical Sciences, Flinders University South Bedford Park, SA 5042 AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.E. Garcia, V. Gomis, R. Perez, A. Albareda, J.A. Eiran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 0429021 (2007)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Z. Dai, Y. Akishige, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43, 445403 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K.S. Kumar, C. Venkateswar, D. Kannan, B. Tiwari, M.S.R. Rao, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45, 415302 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Brahma, R.N.P. Choudhary, A.K. Thakur, Phys. B 355, 188 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Sen, R.N.P. Choudhary, Mater. Chem. Phys. 87, 256 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J.R. Macdonald, Impedance Spectroscopy Emphasizing Solid Materials and Systems, Chapter 4 (Wiley, New York, 1987)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Suchanicz, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 55, 114 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C.K. Suman, K. Prasad, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 369 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. Provenzano, L.P. Boesch, V. Volterra, C.T. Moynihan, P.B. Macedo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 55, 492 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    H. Jain, C.H. Hsieh, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 172, 1408 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Chatterjee, P.K. Mahapatra, R.N.P. Choudhary, A.K. Thakur, Phys. Status Solidi (a) 201, 588 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Pattanayak, B.N. Parida, P.R. Das, R.N.P. Choudhary, Appl. Phys. A 112, 387 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    I.M. Hodge, M.D. Ingram, A.R. West, J. Electroanal. Chem. 58, 429 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.R. Macdonald, Solid State Ion. 13, 147 (1984)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    L. Bellaiche, A. García, D. Vanderbilt, Phys. Rev. B 64, 060103 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    R. Cohen, Nature 358, 136 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Y. Zhang, J.P. Zhou, Q. Liu, S. Zhang, C.Y. Deng, Ceram. Int. 40, 5853 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    R.N.P. Choudhary, D.K. Pradhan, C.M. Tirado, G.E. Bonilla, R.S. Katiyar, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 7423 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    D.K. Pradhan, B. Behera, P.R. Das, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 23, 779 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    A.K. Jonscher, Nature 267, 673 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Pradhan
    • 1
  • S. N. Das
    • 1
  • S. Bhuyan
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Behera
    • 2
  • R. Padhee
    • 2
  • R. N. P. Choudhary
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan UniversityBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Multifunctional Research Laboratory, Department of PhysicsSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan UniversityBhubaneswarIndia

Personalised recommendations