Applied Physics A

, 122:16 | Cite as

Gloss paints in late paintings by Francis Picabia: a multi-analytical study

  • Maria Kokkori
  • Marie-Odile Hubert
  • Nathalie Balcar
  • Gilles Barabant
  • Ken Sutherland
  • Francesca Casadio
Invited Paper
  • 244 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Paintings

Abstract

In this paper, a multi-analytical approach for the study of the materials used by Francis Picabia in two paintings dating from 1949 and 1950 is reported, with a particular reference to the possible use of enamel paints. The study is complemented by analysis of paints that had the appearance of glossy enamel sampled from the artist’s easel in the collection of the Comité Francis Picabia. Analysis with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry with thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM-Py-GCMS) and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that only few paints match the composition of historical reference samples of Ripolin enamels, while the majority of the glossy paints sampled likely consist of mixtures of binders and varnishes made by the artist. This study confirms the importance of scientific testing and comparison with reference materials, when determining artists’ use of enamel paints. Results should be interpreted in the context of documentary/historical evidence, for a more informed characterization of oleoresinous paint media.

Supplementary material

339_2015_9532_MOESM1_ESM.docx (878 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 877 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Kokkori
    • 1
  • Marie-Odile Hubert
    • 2
  • Nathalie Balcar
    • 3
  • Gilles Barabant
    • 3
  • Ken Sutherland
    • 1
  • Francesca Casadio
    • 1
  1. 1.The Art Institute of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Independent Conservator of Easel PaintingsParisFrance
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF)ParisFrance

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