Position-controlled and catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanocrystals by nanoparticle-assisted pulsed laser deposition
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We have synthesized ZnO nanocrystals, such as nanowires, nanorods, and nanosheets, using a nanoparticle-assisted pulsed laser deposition (NAPLD) method. Recently, we achieved position-controlled growth of the ZnO nanocrystals by means of a ZnO buffer layer and laser irradiation without any catalyst. The periodic structure was formed on the ZnO buffer layer by multi-beam interference patterning, and then vertically aligned ZnO nanowalls, corresponding to the patterning, were grown on the buffer layer. It was found that the periodic ZnO nanowalls grew along the c-axis direction by X-ray diffraction measurement. The well-aligned ZnO nanowalls are expected to be utilized as building blocks for field emitters and UV LEDs. The proposed technique can be used as one of the effective methods to control the growth position of the ZnO nanocrystals because various structures can be easily fabricated by a laser writing and a spatial light modulator.
KeywordsBuffer Layer Sapphire Substrate Spatial Light Modulator Conventional Pulse Laser Deposition Laser Interference Patterning
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