Applied Physics A

, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 63–67 | Cite as

Position-controlled and catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanocrystals by nanoparticle-assisted pulsed laser deposition

  • Shihomi Nakao
  • Yuuki Muraoka
  • Mitsuhiro Higashihata
  • Daisuke Nakamura
  • Yoshiki Nakata
  • Tatsuo Okada


We have synthesized ZnO nanocrystals, such as nanowires, nanorods, and nanosheets, using a nanoparticle-assisted pulsed laser deposition (NAPLD) method. Recently, we achieved position-controlled growth of the ZnO nanocrystals by means of a ZnO buffer layer and laser irradiation without any catalyst. The periodic structure was formed on the ZnO buffer layer by multi-beam interference patterning, and then vertically aligned ZnO nanowalls, corresponding to the patterning, were grown on the buffer layer. It was found that the periodic ZnO nanowalls grew along the c-axis direction by X-ray diffraction measurement. The well-aligned ZnO nanowalls are expected to be utilized as building blocks for field emitters and UV LEDs. The proposed technique can be used as one of the effective methods to control the growth position of the ZnO nanocrystals because various structures can be easily fabricated by a laser writing and a spatial light modulator.


Buffer Layer Sapphire Substrate Spatial Light Modulator Conventional Pulse Laser Deposition Laser Interference Patterning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    M. Willander, O. Nur, Q.X. Zhao, L.L. Yang, M. Lorenz, B.Q. Cao, J. Zúñiga Pérez, C. Czekalla, G. Zimmermann, M. Grundmann, A. Bakin, A. Behrends, M.A. El-Shaer, A. Che.Mofor, B. Postels, A. Waag, N. Boukos, A. Travlos, H.S. Kwack, J. Guinard, D. Le. Si Dang, Nanotechnology. 20, 332001 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Choi, J. Kang, D. Hwang, S. Park, IEEE. Trans. Elec. Devices. 57, 26 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Lu, D. Wang, G. Li, C. Su, D. Kuang, Y. Tong, J. Phys. Chem. C. 113, 13574 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.J. Fan, B. Fuhrmann, R. Scholz, F. Syrowatka, A. Dadgar, A. Krost, M. Zacharias, J. Cryst. Growth. 287, 34 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Zhang, H. Jia, R. Wang, C. Chen, X. Luo, D. Yu, C. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4631 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Thiandoume, J. Barjon, O. Kaa, A. Lusson, P. Galtier, V. Sallet, J. Cryst. Growth. 311, 4311 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Q.X. Zhao, M. Willander, R.E. Morjan, Q.-H. Hu, E.E.B. Campbell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 165 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Kim, C. Lee, Y. Hong, G. Yi, S.S. Kim, H. Cheong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163128 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E.C. Greyson, Y. Babayan, T.W. Odom, Adv. Mater. 16, 1348 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Jung, H. Lee, Nano. Res. Lett. 6, 159 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. Wang, C. Summers, Z. Wang, Nano. Lett. 4, 423 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Guo, J. Nishimura, M. Ueda, M. Higashihata, D. Nakamura, T. Okada, Appl. Phys. A. 89, 141 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Guo, J. Nishimura, M. Matsumoto, M. Higashihata, D. Nakamura, J. Suehiro, T. Okada, Appl. Sur. Sci. 255, 9671 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Kawakami, A.B. Hartanto, Y. Nakata, T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L33 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Okada, J. Suehiro, Appl. Sur. Sci. 253, 7840 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.Q. Guo, J. Nishimura, M. Ueda, H. Higashihata, D. Nakamura, T. Okada, Appl. Phys. A. 89, 141 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Nakamura, K. Okazaki, I.A. Palani, K. Kubo, K. Tsuta, M. Higashihata, T. Okada, Proc. SPIE. 8245, 82450N (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.B. Hartanto, X. Ning, Y. Nakata, T. Okada, Appl. Phys. A. 78, 299 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Perillat-Merceroz, R. Thierry, P.-H. Jouneau, P. Ferret, G. Feuillet, Nanotechnology 23, 125702 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Park II, T.S. Cho, S.J. Doh, J.L. Lee, J.H. Je, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 349 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Nakamura, T. Shimogaki, K. Okazaki, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, T. Okada, Proc. SPIE. 8607, 860703 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shihomi Nakao
    • 1
  • Yuuki Muraoka
    • 1
  • Mitsuhiro Higashihata
    • 1
  • Daisuke Nakamura
    • 1
  • Yoshiki Nakata
    • 2
  • Tatsuo Okada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information Science and Electrical EngineeringKyushu UniversityNishi-kuJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations