Applied Physics A

, Volume 115, Issue 2, pp 651–660 | Cite as

Aluminum integral foams with tailored density profile by adapted blowing agents

  • Johannes Hartmann
  • Tobias Fiegl
  • Carolin Körner


The goal of the present work is the variation of the structure of aluminum integral foams regarding the thickness of the integral solid skin as well as the density profile. A modified die casting process, namely integral foam molding, is used in which an aluminum melt and blowing agent particles (magnesium hydride MgH2) are injected in a permanent steel mold. The high solidification rates at the cooled walls of the mold lead to the formation of a solid skin. In the inner region, hydrogen is released by thermal decomposition of MgH2 particles. Thus, the pore formation takes place parallel to the continuing solidification of the melt. The thickness of the solid skin and the density profile of the core strongly depend on the interplay between solidification velocity and kinetics of hydrogen release. By varying the melt and blowing agent properties, the structure of integral foams can be systematically changed to meet the requirements of the desired field of application of the produced component.


Foam Density Profile Skin Thickness MgH2 Aluminum Foam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), grant no. KO 1984/5-2. The authors also thank Dr. Andreas Borgschulte, EMPA, for his help and expertise concerning the decomposition behavior of magnesium hydride and Dr. Ralf Rettig for providing the Thermo-Calc calculations.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Hartmann
    • 1
  • Tobias Fiegl
    • 1
  • Carolin Körner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

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