Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, Volume 116, Issue 1, pp 371–378 | Cite as

Photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes using Zn-doped and undoped TiO2 nanoparticles

  • Pooja Singla
  • Manoj Sharma
  • O. P. Pandey
  • K. Singh
Article

Abstract

Undoped and Zn-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol gel method. The dopant (Zn) was taken at 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, and 1.0 mol%. The initial precursors were titanium tetraisopropoxide and zinc acetate. The samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and UV–vis diffuse reflectance. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared nanoparticles was studied by observing their role in degradation of two azo dyes, i.e., Eriochrome Black T and Methyl Red under UV–visible light. The results revealed that Zn-doped TiO2 nanoparticles exhibited better degradation as compared to undoped TiO2 nanoparticles. In this study, 0.7 mol% Zn-doped TiO2 showed highest photocatalytic activity. Doping of Zn allowed better separation of electron–hole pairs which results in increased oxidation and reduction reactions.

Keywords

TiO2 Photocatalytic Activity Photocatalytic Degradation TiO2 Nanoparticles Zinc Acetate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Madras, R. Vinu, J. Indian Inst. Sci. 90, 189 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    O.P. Pandey, M. Sharma, T. Jain, S. Singh, Sol. Energy 86, 626 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.A. Meetani, M.A. Rauf, S. Hislindee, Desalination 276, 13 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Ahmed, M.G. Rasul, W.N. Martens, R. Brown, M.A. Hashib, Desalination 261, 3 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Zaleska, Recent Pat. Eng. 2, 157 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Zhang, J. Sol–Gel Sci. Technol. 58, 312 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    U.G. Akpan, B.H. Hameed, Appl. Catal. A 375, 1 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y.M. Tian, Y.Y. Zhao, C.W. Gong, Y.S. Chai, Appl. Mech. Mater. 217–219, 203 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T.B. Nguyen, M.J. Hwang, K.S. Ryu, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 33, 243 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.T. Hou, X. He, W.J. Nie, Adv. Mater. Res. 356–360, 331 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.M. Devi, B.N. Murthy, S.G. Kumar, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 166, 1 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Ghasemi, S. Rahimnejad, S.R. Setayesh, S. Rohani, M.R. Gholami, J. Hazard. Mater. 172, 1573 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Ruan, B. Zou, M. Zhao, F. Wu, Dye Pigment. 77, 204 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Liu, Y. Xu, Z. Zhong, Y. Deng, Nucl. Sci. Tech. 18, 59 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, X. Niu, L. Zheng, X. Ding, Chemosphere 59, 1367 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S.A. Abo-Farha, J. Am. Sci. 6, 130 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Barka, M. Abdennouri, M.E. Makhfouk, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. E. 42, 320 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Badr, M.G. Abd El-Wahed, M.A. Mahmoud, J. Hazard. Mater. 154, 245 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Mascolo, R. Comparelli, M.L. Curri, G. Lovecchio, A. Lopez, A. Agostiano, J. Hazard. Mater. 142, 130 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Sahoo, A.K. Gupta, A. Pal, Desalination 181, 91 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Lachheb, E. Puzenat, A. Houas, M. Ksibi, E. Elaloui, C. Guillard, J.M. Herrmann, Appl. Catal. B 39, 75 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Hailei, L. Ping, L. Guosheng, L. Xin, Y. Jianming, Enzyme Microb. Tech. 47, 37 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Bedoui, M.F. Ahmadi, N. Bensalah, A. Gadri, Chem. Eng. J. 146, 98 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S.T. Hussain, R.D. Anjum, A. Siddiqa, A.D. Badshah, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 705 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A.N. Ejhieh, M. Khorsandi, Desalination 262, 705 (2010)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R.J. Tayade, P.K. Surolia, R.G. Kulkarni, R.V. Jasra, Sci. Tech. Adv. Mater. 8, 455 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Wang, J.S. Lian, W.T. Zheng, Appl. Surf. Sci. 263, 260 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. Kumaresan, A. Prabhu, M. Palanichamy, J. Hazard. Mater. 186, 1183 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    R.S. Thakur, R. Chaudhary, C. Singh, J. Renew. Sustain. Energy 2, 1 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. Etacheri, G. Michlits, M.K. Serry, S.J. Hinder, S.C. Pillai, Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 1663 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Xu, B. Lei, L. Guo, J. Hazard. Mater. 160, 78 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A.A. Umar, M.M. Salleh, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 7855 (2012)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K.D. Girase, J. Nano-Electron, Physics 5, 3013 (2013)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Wang, L.N. Bai, Powder Technol. 244, 9 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    T. Augilar, J. Novas, R. Alcantara, Chem. Phys. Lett. 571, 49 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Bzdon, J. Goralski, W. Maniukiewicz, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 81, 322 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    D.C. Hurum, A.G. Agrios, K.A. Gray, J. Phys. Chem. B. 107, 4545 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S.K. Pardeshi, A.B. Patil, Sol. Energy 82, 700 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    W. Bahnemann, M. Muneer, M.M. Haque, Catal. Today 124, 133 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Lathasree, A.N. Rao, B. Siva, V. Sadasivam, J. Mol. Catal. A Chem. 223, 101 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. Zhang, Monatsh. Chem. 143, 729 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooja Singla
    • 1
  • Manoj Sharma
    • 2
  • O. P. Pandey
    • 1
  • K. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physics and Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of NanotechnologySri Guru Granth Sahib World UniversityFatehgarh SahibIndia

Personalised recommendations