Femtosecond laser-induced ripple structures on magnesium
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Two types of periodic surface structures including micro-ripples and nano-ripples were observed on magnesium after femtosecond laser irradiation, and the color effect was reported by scanning a single laser beam over a large area at near damage threshold fluence. Optical reflectance measurement revealed that the color effect was mainly attributed to the nano-ripples as diffraction gratings, and intensity of the color was affected by morphology of the micro-ripples. AFM and SEM images showed that orientation of the micro-ripples was parallel to laser polarization and the period of the micro-ripples increased with scanning numbers, while the orientation of the nano-ripples was perpendicular to laser polarization and the period of the nano-ripples kept constant as laser sub-wavelength with increasing scanning numbers. These results suggested that formation of the micro-ripples was due to the combined effect of initial surface roughness and near-field interference, while formation of the nano-ripples was caused by the near-field interference between incident light and surface plasmons being excited in the air and metal interface. The potential application of such an effect is further proposed.
KeywordsLaser Pulse Femtosecond Laser Irradiate Surface Irradiate Area Color Effect
Support by A∗STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Singapore, Remanufacturing Programme (SERC grant no: 112 290 4017) is gratefully acknowledged.
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