Applied Physics A

, Volume 115, Issue 2, pp 661–666

Dielectric properties and microstructural characterization of cubic pyrochlored bismuth magnesium niobates

  • Yuan Zhang
  • Zhihao Zhang
  • Xinhua Zhu
  • Zhiguo Liu
  • Yangyang Li
  • Talaat Al-Kassab
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-013-7843-8

Cite this article as:
Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhu, X. et al. Appl. Phys. A (2014) 115: 661. doi:10.1007/s00339-013-7843-8

Abstract

Cubic bismuth pyrochlores in the \(\mathrm{Bi}_{2}\mathrm{O}_{3}\)–MgO–\(\mathrm{Nb}_{2}\mathrm{O}_{5}\) system have been investigated as promising dielectric materials due to their high dielectric constant and low dielectric loss. Here, we report on the dielectric properties and microstructures of cubic pyrochlored \(\mathrm{Bi}_{1.5}\mathrm{MgNb}_{1.5}\mathrm{O}_{7}\) (BMN) ceramic samples synthesized via solid-state reactions. The dielectric constant (measured at 1 MHz) was measured to be \({\sim}120\) at room temperature, and the dielectric loss was as low as 0.001. X-ray diffraction patterns demonstrated that the BMN samples had a cubic pyrochlored structure, which was also confirmed by selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns. Raman spectrum revealed more than six vibrational models predicted for the ideal pyrochlore structure, indicating additional atomic displacements of the A and \(\mathrm{O}'\) sites from the ideal atomic positions in the BMN samples. Structural modulations of the pyrochlore structure along the [110] and [121] directions were observed in SAED patterns and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) images. In addition, HR-TEM images also revealed that the grain boundaries (GBs) in the BMN samples were much clean, and no segregation or impure phase was observed forming at GBs. The high dielectric constants in the BMN samples were ascribed to the long-range ordered pyrochlore structures since the electric dipoles formed at the superstructural direction could be enhanced. The low dielectric loss was attributed to the existence of noncontaminated GBs in the BMN ceramics.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhihao Zhang
    • 1
  • Xinhua Zhu
    • 1
  • Zhiguo Liu
    • 2
  • Yangyang Li
    • 3
  • Talaat Al-Kassab
    • 3
  1. 1.National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, School of PhysicsNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Physical Sci. and Eng.King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)ThuwalSaudi Arabia

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