Comparison of modification of electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes filled with metal halogenide, chalcogenide, and pure metal
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In present work, thulium chloride, gallium selenide, bismuth telluride, and silver were encapsulated into the channels of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). The structural properties of obtained nanostructures were studied by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and the modification of electronic properties of nanotubes as result of filling their channels with chosen substances was investigated by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was shown that the electronic properties of filled SWCNTs depend on the chemical nature of incorporated materials. The encapsulation of TmCl3 and GaSe into the carbon nanotube channels leads to acceptor doping of the SWCNTs, and this effect is more prominent for thulium chloride. The incorporation of bismuth telluride into the nanotube cavities does not result in any modification of their electronic properties. The filling of the nanotube channels with silver leads to donor doping of the single-walled carbon nanotubes.
KeywordsBi2Te3 SnTe Bismuth Telluride Donor Doping Gallium Selenide
SWCNTs were synthesized by Dr. A.V. Krestinin (Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics RAS, Chernogolovka, Russia). M.V. Kharlamova thanks Dr. J.J. Niu (Drexel University, USA) and Dr. A. Egorov (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia) for the HRTEM measurements.
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