Applied Physics A

, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 23–29 | Cite as

Pb distribution in bones from the Franklin expedition: synchrotron X-ray fluorescence and laser ablation/mass spectroscopy

  • Ronald Richard Martin
  • Steven Naftel
  • Sheila Macfie
  • Keith Jones
  • Andrew Nelson
Article

Abstract

Synchrotron micro-X-ray Fluorescence has been used to map the metal distribution in selected bone fragments representative of remains associated with the Franklin expedition. In addition, laser ablation mass spectroscopy using a 25 μm diameter circular spot was employed to compare the Pb isotope distributions in small regions within the bone fragments. The X-ray Fluorescence mapping shows Pb to be widely distributed in the bone while the Pb isotope ratios obtained by laser ablation within small areas representative of bone with different Pb exchange rates do not show statistically significant differences. These results are inconsistent with the hypothesis that faulty solder seals in tinned meat were the principle source of Pb in the remains of the expedition personnel.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Richard Martin
    • 1
  • Steven Naftel
    • 1
  • Sheila Macfie
    • 1
  • Keith Jones
    • 1
  • Andrew Nelson
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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