Applied Physics A

, Volume 112, Issue 1, pp 105–111 | Cite as

Element analysis of complex materials by calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

  • J. D. Pedarnig
  • P. Kolmhofer
  • N. Huber
  • B. Praher
  • J. Heitz
  • R. Rössler


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a promising method for fast and quantitative element analysis of complex materials. We report on LIBS measurements of multi-component oxide materials and the compositional analysis of materials by a calibration-free (CF) method. This CF-LIBS method relies on modeling of the optical emission of laser-induced plasma assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium. Various materials are investigated and the calculated concentration values (C CF) of oxides CaO, Al2O3, MgO, SiO2, FeO, and MnO are in agreement with nominal concentration values (C N) from reference analysis. The relative error in oxide concentration e r=|C CFC N|/C N decreases with increasing concentration. The quantification is limited to major oxides (C N≥1 wt%). Slag samples from industrial steel production are analyzed on site by means of a mobile measurement system. LIBS measurements are performed at different sample temperatures. The results obtained show that CF-LIBS is applicable to fast compositional analysis of complex materials in harsh environments.


Oxide Concentration Slag Sample Bulk Slag Slag Material Local Thermal Equilibrium State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We want to thank the Austrian Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth and the National Foundation for Research, Technology and Development for financial support (Christian Doppler Laboratory LAD). We thank the B & C Privatstiftung for the Houska Recognition Award 2011 presented to the Christian Doppler Laboratory.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Pedarnig
    • 1
  • P. Kolmhofer
    • 1
  • N. Huber
    • 1
  • B. Praher
    • 1
  • J. Heitz
    • 1
  • R. Rössler
    • 2
  1. 1.Christian Doppler Laboratory for Laser-Assisted Diagnostics, Institute of Applied PhysicsJohannes Kepler University LinzLinzAustria
  2. 2.voestalpine Stahl GmbHLinzAustria

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