Femtosecond laser processing of fused silica and aluminum based on electron dynamics control by shaping pulse trains
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The pulse train effects on femtosecond laser material processing are investigated from the viewpoint of electron dynamics on dielectrics with fused silica as a case study and metals with Al as a case study in air and water. During femtosecond laser (800 nm, 35 fs) pulse train (double pulses per train) processing of fused silica, a non-monotonic relationship between ablation size and pulse separation is observed with an abrupt rise in the range of 150–275 fs. It is assumed that this is due to the enhancement of photon–electron coupling efficiency and transition of the phase-change mechanism by adjusting the free electron density during pulse train ablation. Surface quality in Al is improved with less recast by designing the pulse energy distribution to adjust the electron/lattice temperature distribution. Furthermore, the positive effects on ablation quality by femtosecond pulse train technology are more significant in water than those in air.
KeywordsUltra-fast laser Laser material processing Pulse shaping Femtosecond phenomenon
This research is supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (grant 2011CB013000) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (grants 90923039 and 51025521).