Investigation of the characteristics of heat current in a nanofluid based on molecular dynamics simulation
Molecular dynamics simulation of nanofluid system composed of argon liquid and copper nanoparticle was carried out in this paper. To ensure the interatomic force gradually decreases to zero at the cut-off distance, Stoddard and Ford potential function was employed. Green–Kubo method was used to obtain the thermal conductivity. The characteristics of the heat current were measured by its mean value, variance, third moment, and the Shannon entropy. It was found that the thermal conductivity increases as the nanoparticle volume fraction increases, and so do the variance and the Shannon entropy of the heat current. The third moment of the heat current was almost zero, indicating that the probability distribution of the heat current is nearly symmetric about its mean value. Autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation functions of the heat current were used to investigate the correlation between the discrete heat current value and different lags.
- 34.D.C. Rapaport, The Art of Molecular Dynamics Simulation (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995) Google Scholar
- 35.J.C. Maxwell, Electricity and Magnetism (Clarendon, Oxford, 1873) Google Scholar
- 36.W.S. William, Time Series Analysis: Univariate and Multivariate Methods, 2nd edn. (Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, 2004) Google Scholar