Effect of humidity on the a.c. impedance of CH3NH3SnCl3 hybrid films
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Impedance spectroscopy measurements show that complex conductivity of thermally ablated CH3NH3SnCl3 films is strongly enhanced when humidity increases. Coplanar two-electrode test devices are modeled through an equivalent circuit comprising one resistance and two constant phase elements. It is shown that the influence of ambient humidity is mainly resistive. The dynamic responses of the devices to humidification/dehumidification cycles point out that the a.c. current varies by more than three orders of magnitude when humidity is varied between dry air and 80% relative humidity. The rise times are few hundred seconds while fall times are as short as few tens of seconds. This observation suggests that impedance variations are determined by mechanisms involving loosely bound water molecules physisorbed at the surface of the hybrid film. The results obtained are discussed in terms of protonic conduction.
KeywordsRelative Humidity Constant Phase Element Hybrid Film Humidity Sensor Fall Time
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