Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, Volume 100, Issue 2, pp 347–352 | Cite as

Direct laser-writing of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon–polariton waveguides for the visible and near infrared

  • Carsten ReinhardtEmail author
  • Andreas Seidel
  • Andrey Evlyukhin
  • Wei Cheng
  • Roman Kiyan
  • Boris Chichkov
Article

Abstract

We demonstrate flexible and low-cost fabrication of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon–polariton waveguides. The waveguide structures are fabricated by two-photon polymerization of commercially available, spin-coatable epoxy-based UV-lithographic resist on a metal covered glass slide. The excitation and guiding properties of the plasmonic waveguides are investigated in the far-field at a wavelength of 632.8 nm by imaging the leakage radiation from the waveguide modes. The optimum bending radius for right angle bends is measured to 6 μm providing a transmission of up to 70%. The functionality of more complex Y-splitters is demonstrated.

Keywords

Waveguide Mode Emission Angle Angle Bend Plasmonic Waveguide Fourier Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S.A. Maier, Plasmonics—Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, New York, 2007) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Raether, Surface Plasmons an Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, vol. 111. Springer, Berlin (1988) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.V. Zayats, I.I. Smolyaninov, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Lal, S. Link, N.J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I.P. Radko, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, G. Brucoli, L. Martín-Moreno, F.J. García-Vidal, A. Boltasseva, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115115 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Liu, P. Lalanne, X. Yang, J.P. Hugonin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 1522 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 011114 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, E. Evlyukhina, B.N. Chichkov, Opt. Lett. 34, 2237 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T.W. Ebbesen, C. Genet, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 5, 44 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Jung, Opt. Express 16, 2676 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.I. Bozhevolnyi, V.S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, T.W. Ebbesen, Nature (Lond.) 440, 508 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Verhagen, J.A. Dionne, L. Kuipers, H.A. Atwater, A. Polman, Nano Lett. 8, 2925 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Berini, R. Charbonneau, N. Lahoud, Nano Lett. 7, 1376 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. Verhagen, M. Spasenovic’, A. Polman, L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203904 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A.L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F.R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M.U. González, R. Quidant, Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Holmgaard, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A.V. Krasavin, P. Bolger, A.V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 78, 165431 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A.V. Krasavin, A.V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 051111 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.B. Evlyukhin, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, A.L. Stepanov, R. Kiyan, C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B.N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 15, 16667 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Kiyan, C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, A.L. Stepanov, A. Hohenau, J.R. Krenn, B.N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 15, 4205 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Reinhardt, S. Passinger, B.N. Chichkov, C. Marquart, I.P. Radko, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, Opt. Lett. 31, 1307 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    P.B. Johnson, R.W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic Press, Boston, 1991) Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M.U. González, R. Quidant, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, F.R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081111 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A.V. Krasavin, A.V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carsten Reinhardt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andreas Seidel
    • 1
  • Andrey Evlyukhin
    • 1
  • Wei Cheng
    • 1
  • Roman Kiyan
    • 1
  • Boris Chichkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.HannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations